By Pilar Galindo
Food Security and Sovereignty must be protected by guaranteeing the right to a healthy and healthy diet for all people and all peoples, through agro-ecological food production, distribution in short circuits, responsible consumption and division of work. care. The defense of the production and reproduction of life includes respect for the reproductive rights of women.
The United Nations General Assembly established June 5 as "World Environment Day" at the 1972 Stockholm Conference to sensitize the population about the need to protect life on the planet. Since then, the environmental movement occupies the streets that day with messages to save energy, denounce nuclear energy, promote renewables, reduce waste and protect forests.
In recent years, groups of responsible consumers have also joined to promote the production and consumption of organic food in defense of the health of people and nature. La Garbancita Ecológica, together with some self-managed consumer groups, we have carried out, within this day, street activities with children's workshops on Food Sovereignty, debates, games and races to, at the end, enjoy a snack of seasonal organic fruits, as a contribution to the defense of the environment from responsible and ecological food.
From June 20 to 22, 2012, more than 80 heads of state met in Rio de Janeiro at the United Nations Conference for Sustainable Development (Rio + 20), which evokes the 1992 Earth Summit. This Summit inaugurated the dialogue of governments to reverse the ecological deterioration caused by industrialism and the global economy and, for the first time, raises the governmental responsibility in the increasing destruction of nature, since in the Stockholm Conference of 1972 it was left in the semi-darkness the responsibility of the states and the light was concentrated on the responsibility of individual consumption.
Fifty years after the establishment of the Environment Day and twenty years after the Rio Summit, with more words than results, the balance could not be more pessimistic. The report prepared for the summit by more than 600 experts (GEO-5), confirms that there is only progress in 4 of the 90 objectives of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP). On the contrary, global warming with its catastrophic consequences on climate and food has not stopped; The oceans are acidifying due to pollution, biodiversity in species and ecosystems disappears, deforestation is advancing and 2.6 billion people do not have wastewater sanitation, which causes diseases for the poorest sectors and increases pollution.
The Rio + 20 summit ends with a minimum agreement of 193 countries without effective commitments, a declaration of intent that does not deepen or include agreements from previous summits. There are no policies to eliminate oil subsidies, protect the oceans and contain poverty in the world, and no funds to finance them. There is also no agreement to create an agency to execute the United Nations environmental policies. With this shameful procedure by the "international community" nature and the poor lose, and also women because the Vatican has managed to eliminate the reference to their reproductive rights.
The invocation of the economic crisis has been the alibi of the rich countries to refuse to take a single step in favor of the defense of the environment. However, these countries have behaved in the same way as in good economic times. Instead of preventing the ecological excesses of large companies in industry, construction, agriculture, energy and transportation, rich countries are betting on a “green economy” that privatizes and commodifies nature. From the point of view of multinationals, the defense of nature consists of commercializing it, subordinating the rights of nature and of peoples to economic benefit, limiting access to natural resources for those who can pay for them, promoting nuclear energy, developing the alternative energy industry without simultaneously reducing energy consumption or educating the population in austerity, producing biofuels for cars at the cost of food for the people and creating markets for ecological derivatives such as CO2 emission bonds, sustainable certification of forests, etc.
Economic growth in a global market economy cannot be sustainable. The only sustainability that capital recognizes is that of its own expanded reproduction, and parliamentary market democracies have become accomplices of this economic and social logic. After 25 years of galloping economic globalization, 15 years of Third Way and 5 years of Green Capitalism, it seems that another capitalism is impossible.
The protection of life on the planet involves subjecting private profit to human rights and the limits of nature. This assumes that society establishes, through politics, the ends of the economy, instead of the economy imposing its ends on society and politics as is the case today. It is necessary to subject the freedom of movement of capital, large-scale production, international trade and competitiveness as a norm, to ecological laws, Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and civil liberties.
Especially, Food Security and Sovereignty must be protected by guaranteeing the right to healthy and healthy food for all people and all peoples, through agro-ecological food production, distribution in short circuits, responsible consumption and distribution. of care work. The defense of the production and reproduction of life includes respect for the reproductive rights of women and the right to decide on their sexuality and motherhood without the guardianship of men, tutors or churches.
The time has come to consider that the defense of nature, human rights and democracy cannot be reduced to festive commemorations and international counter-summits. If the political powers do not prevent the excesses of the companies or educate the population in austerity, someone will have to do it. Responsible agroecological, self-managed and popular consumption, in a fraternal relationship with organic food production, is committed to this task.
Pilar Galindo, The Ecological Garbancita