In defense of land and water

In defense of land and water

One of the great national problems is related to water in the Mexican territory that has generated the neoliberal policy. In Mexico City, next March the so-called 4th World Water Forum will be held, whose intention is to advance in the mechanisms of silent privatization of the precious liquid in its different forms.

Declaration of the First National Assembly in Defense of the earth and Water and Against its Privatization

Considering that:

This country is immersed in a polarized political confrontation unleashed by the next presidential succession in July 2006, government authorities, political parties and the business and religious cusps of our country, concentrate all their efforts and resources so that throughout the first semester of this year, through the eternal promises of change and a better life, achieve the pronouncement of the great absentee that will allow you to achieve your highest objective: the power.

The offer of the candidates for the presidential chair is very similar to one another: they all promote respecting and continuing the neoliberal economic model in our country that was imposed three decades ago. The only difference between them lies in how to achieve a political framework that guarantees it. In this framework, the solution of the great national problems is subordinated for uncertain times.

One of the great national problems is related to water in the Mexican territory that has generated the neoliberal policy. In Mexico City, next March the so-called 4th World Water Forum will be held, whose intention is to advance in the mechanisms of silent privatization of the precious liquid in its different forms. This will lead to the strengthening of public policies that legalize the dispossession of our natural resources, particularly water and land, in favor of transnational corporations.

The overexploitation of more than a hundred aquifers and accelerated pollution processes in almost all the country's basins due to privatization policies; they induce the increasing loss of water quality and therefore its availability. There is also an enormous waste by leaks that in the countryside and in the city reaches the scandalous figure of 50 percent; the breakdown of the equilibrium in the basins, registers a loss of humidity in the sown lands; abatement of water tables, cracks and displacements in the subsoil that destroy the urban and family heritage of a growing number of cities and regions.

The danger of potential floods due to climate change, registers meteorological phenomena with greater frequency and intensity that destroy everything in its path. All this is the result of the alteration of the natural water cycle. The changes are due, among other causes, to the large businesses of transnational companies that demand more water, pollute and destroy entire ecosystems, and also contribute greatly to the overheating of the earth.

The business of concessions of water services contracts to large companies, generate high collection rates that harm those who have the least; they cause marginalization and polarization; social protest for access to water and for a fair distribution of land and against land grabbing.

Government budgets to solve major water problems are insufficient, poorly channeled and with exclusive programs. These are just some sample buttons of the ignorant, indolent and irresponsible management that the authorities in all levels of government, and for a long time, have implemented in relation not only to water but to all our natural assets.

Years ago, the profile of human rights (human rights) was defined as the representation of human dignity, dignity such as human rights is not granted, it is inherent to the human being and has been recognized by international legislation through the United Nations through pacts and declarations that when signed by the National States become law.

The right to water is included in articles 11 and 12 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) that Mexico signed, while observation number 15 -extension of the previous ICESCR articles- details the aspects that include This right with respect to quality and access, both because it reaches users and that it is inexpensive and exposes the importance of non-discrimination to exercise this right.

Water is also a cultural asset that is part of the worldview of peoples, nature is placed as the center and in harmony with human societies; Although it is our responsibility as a community, the protection and fulfillment of the law is the responsibility of the State. Therefore, it is of vital importance that the ESCR (Economic, Social, Cultural and Environmental Rights) are integrated into national laws in order to make them enforceable. For this, the Mexican Constitution must be homologated with international human rights treaties.

Considering that women are excluded in the management of water and land, as a result of discrimination in access to tenure and property; and considering that worldwide only 1 percent of property is in the hands of women:

We denounce the gender discrimination that exists. It must be guaranteed that women, in addition to being providers and administrators of water for sanitary and food use, also ACCESS to being able to inherit the land, to the water councils and the corresponding decision-making generated by the problems of water and land, which remain usually in the hands of men

In this sense, the women who participated in this assembly demand that the gender equality perspective be included in the water problem, since the lack of inclusion of women reproduces our segregation, discrimination and exclusion from participation throughout the world. process of access, use, management, control, benefit and management in decision-making. We demand respect for our right to possess the land and its assets that derive from it, and therefore it has repercussions on the administration of water resources.

The historical legacy of our indigenous peoples and native communities on the integral management of water must be rescued, not out of longing for the past, but so that from these experiences the foundations of a new society-nature relationship are built. We must also recover an immense amount of research work and studies where multiple and creative solutions are proposed. In this sense, and given the disinterest of the political class, it is up to the vast majority of Mexicans until now excluded from major national and local decisions to participate in an organized, informed, committed way and beyond the 4th World Water Forum.

As water is a strategic resource for the nation, its policies for use, management and availability must be directly supervised by all Mexicans, through social management to guarantee its adequate use, distribution, care and equity.

This First National Assembly declares itself against the 4th World Water Forum, which aims to promote water privatization policies that favor the interests of large transnational companies and violate the right to life.

We declare water as the good of all and all, we claim the human right to water, its sustainable use, as well as democratic and transparent management. We stand in solidarity with all the struggles of the peoples in Mexico and in the world that defend this right.

We call to organize, unite and mobilize in each town, indigenous community, neighborhood, neighborhood, school, union to defend land and water.

We pronounce ourselves for the solution to the following conflicts that the following movements demand:

  • Mexican Movement of People Affected by Dams and in Defense of Rivers (MAPDER), Council of Ejidos and Opposition Communities to the Dam La Parota: We demand the cancellation of the hydroelectric project known as La Parota in Guerrero and El Cajón in Nayarit. We also rejected the Arcediano supply dam in Jalisco. These megaprojects only cause ecosystem disasters in their construction and damage to the environment; they also cause the forced displacement of thousands and thousands of Mexican peasant women and men due to the creation of these mega-projects of capitalist investment. We demand the immediate removal of the Federal Electricity Commission from the lands of the community members and ejidatarios in La Parota.
  • Citizens United to the Rescue of the lagoon from Acuitlapilco, Tlaxcala: The Authorized Stop Drinking Water System is required to be returned to the construction of the peripheral, shopping center and housing unit of almost 3,000 homes on the lagoon land. Stop the attacks against the president of the organization, Héctor Joseph Cid, by means of harassment, defamation and slander.
  • Residents of Guadalajara, Jalisco: We demonstrate against the Arcediano dam, north of the Guadalajara metropolitan area, and for the right to information on water management in the area, as well as a complaint against the high degree of contamination of the Santiago River caused by companies located in the industrial corridor that have affected various communities.
  • Mazahua Movement, State of Mexico: We denounce the high degree of contamination in the region by the Cutzamala water system that has affected water bodies, irrigated agriculture, and caused the flooding of agricultural lands due to the saturation of garbage in the riverbed. We demand the supply of drinking water to the communities.
  • Union Campesina Emiliano Zapata-Vive UCEZ-VIVE Puebla: We support their resistance in defense of land and water, since there is an important water eye, in the central eastern region of the state (Tepeaca-Tecamachalco) and its communities, against the government of Puebla and national and foreign investors who seek to evict them to build mega-businesses (toll roads, industrial parks and golf courses with residences, shopping centers, maquiladora industries. And we vindicate the condemnation of the Mexican Alliance by self-determination of the Peoples (AMAP) against the Free Trade Agreements that promote the dispossession of land.
  • Communities of the towns of San Miguel and Santo Tomás Ajusco, D.F.: We demand compliance with the judgment in favor of the community in the case of the border dispute against Xalatlaco, in which all appeal remedies have been exhausted.
  • Union of Indigenous Communities of the North Zone Isthmus (UCIZONI): We demand the return of their lands and the harassment of residents of the communities of San Juan Jaltepec, Yaveo in Oaxaca, we also denounce the murder of colleagues. And we vindicate the condemnation of the Mexican Alliance by self-determination of the Peoples (AMAP) against the Puebla-Panama Plan and in defense of the territorial heritage of the Indian peoples and rural communities
  • Xoxocotla drinking water system, Morelos: We demand that the water from the Chihuahuita spring be preferred for human consumption, likewise drip irrigation technologies be applied to serve agricultural fields.
  • Community of the town of Tulpetlac, Edo. From Mexico: We denounce the attempt to close the water wells for human consumption as well as the harassment of the members of the commission by the municipal operating body that intends to reduce the distribution of water for electoral purposes.
  • Union of Peoples of the East of Chalco and Cocotitlán, Los Guardias de los Volcanes A.C. Y the Ecological Network , "Communities": We denounce the massive urbanization through large housing builders (Casas Geo, Ara and Sadasi) that has overexploited the regional aquifers and the metropolitan area of ​​the Valley of Mexico, which has destroyed recharge lands for aquifers and agricultural areas.
  • Settlers of Manantiales de Cuautla Morelos: We are opposed to the Milenium 3000 gas station, which is intended to be built on top of deep wells intended for human consumption (Pozo el Calvario), because there is a potential risk of contamination to the aquifer that supplies drinking water to 70% of the population.

This First National Assembly in Defense of the earth And the water:

· Rejects the indiscriminate increase in drinking water rates that is promoted at the national level by the different levels of the Mexican government in complicity with transnational concessionaires.

· It demands an immediate reduction in the immoral salaries assigned to the senior officials of the National Water Commission and, we ask that public opinion be made known, the forms of allocation of the national budget destined for said agency.

· It speaks out against discriminatory and sexist policies in water management and against marginalization in the distribution of the vital liquid. It also demands a vision with gender equity in the design of public water policies.

It is pronounced in against any intention to divert the course of rivers and bodies of water that the federal government intends with the impulse of investment megaprojects that contain regional plans of supposed development such as: Development Program the northern border, the supposed development strategy in the so-called Nautical Ladder of the Sea of ​​Cortez, the Great Vision Program for the center of the country and the supranational project called Puebla-Panama Plan and that they only bring damage to ecosystems and the environment with irreversible effects.

· Rejection of monocultures and the planting and commercialization of transgenic products and their abuse in the use of water, since they only promote the large profits of transnational companies and erode farmland and undermine the Food Sovereignty of the Mexicans.

· Rejects all imposition of asphalt policies and techniques in urban and semi-urban areas that do not promote infiltration and recharge of aquifers

· That labor rights and freedom of association of unionized workers are respected in any government agency.

Say hello to the Another Campaign as it passes through Mexican territory and we agree to spread the fight in defense of water on its way.

It is pronounced because the San Andrés Accords.

· It is pronounced for the freedom of all and all the political prisoners of the country and of the environmentalist political prisoners of the Sierra de Petatlan, Guerrero, the social fighters; Jacobo Silva Nogales and Gloria Arenas Agis, as well as we demand the presentation alive of the disappeared for political reasons of the same Guerrero region and of the entire Mexican territory. We also demand that the murder of the CECOP comrade be clarified Tomas Cruz in the La Parota region.

We demand an end to the persecution and harassment of the federal government in complicity with the governor of Oaxaca, Ulises Ruiz Ortiz, against the social fighters of the Ricardo Organization Flores Magón-CIPO-REM, Popular Indigenous Coordinator Ricardo Flores Magón: Raúl Gatica Bautista, César Chávez García, Crisólogo Calleja Hernández.



  • Organize at the local, regional and national levels to boycott the IV World Water Forum to be held from March 16 to 22 in Mexico City.
  • We denounce by all available means the content and transnational and commercial approach of the organizers, promoters and advisers of the IVth World Water Forum.
  • Declare people Non Gratas to transnational companies and multilateral financial institutions (IMF, World Bank, etc.) sponsoring the 4th World Water Forum.
  • We call on Mexican women and men and the entire international community and the alter-world movement to participate in alternative activities of the Conference in Defense of Water including the works of the International Water Forum from March 17 to 19.
  • We invite Mexican men and women to participate in the Latin American Water Tribunal on March 13-20, Museum of Anthropology and History.
  • We demand respect for Economic, Cultural and Environmental Human Rights (DESCA) and the removal of the water issue from the World Trade Organization (WTO), the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and the rejection of the North America Security and Prosperity (NAFTA plus).


Ø Form an awareness movement that generates an integral culture of protection to ecosystems and the environment that uses the necessary water against the culture of charging for services that the Mexican government intends.

Ø Promote the creation of Popular Water Defense Committees at the grassroots level in neighborhoods, Indian towns, peasants, unions, women's groups, youth, etc.

Ø Participate in the Forum against Expropriations in the town of Agua Caliente in Acapulco Guerrero on January 31 and February 1, which is convened by CECOP.

Ø Participate in the meeting of the Third National Dialogue that will be held on February 4 and 5 to disseminate the agreements of this assembly.

Ø Metropolitan Housing Assembly at the Juan Ruiz Alarcón Theater, Col. San Rafael

Ø Participate and disseminate the Ecological Forum that will be held on February 11 in Chalco to denounce the massive urbanization, pollution and water scarcity that it causes. Invited by colleagues from the Union of Peoples of the East of Chalco and Cocotitlán and the Autonomous Ecological Network Ecomunidades.

Ø Forum against the construction of the Milenium 3000 Gas Station in the City of Cuautla, Morelos in the Main Square at February 17 and 18 at 10:00 hours.

Ø Carry out a concentration on February 21 in the Chamber of Deputies to denounce the privatization laws and bills.

Ø Concentration at the Mexico City Water System Offices, on February 27 at 10:00 hrs.

Ø Concentration in the offices of the National Water Commission on March 6 at 10:00 am.

Ø Meeting on the CAMPO-CIUDAD water problem. March 14-18.

Ø We will promote a National Popular Consultation on the privatization of water services.

Ø Schedule a series of outreach events on democratic water management and against privatization for the general public throughout the country.

Ø We will demand the construction of long-term ecological housing for the use of rainwater, drinking water and sewage treatment.

Ø That the areas declared biosphere reserves be watched over and cared for by the indigenous and native peoples themselves, to avoid the trade in patents of medicinal plants that exist in those areas, in addition to the trade in endemic flora and fauna.

Ø We will promote organic cultivation techniques and support the solidarity and fair trade of said products as a strategy in defense of the Food Sovereignty of Mexicans.

Ø We will promote the use of alternative ecological techniques compared to conventional ones in the recovery of water in order to promote the re-establishment of the natural water cycle.

Ø We propose to researchers, academics and specialists committed to social struggles, the study and search for alternatives jointly and with respect for the decision of those affected to carry out ecological, social, environmental research at rural and urban level on the different infrastructure megaprojects and the effects generated by the use of cement and concrete that do not promote the recharge of the water table.

Mexico City, January 22, 2006




NATIONAL AND REGIONAL: Popular Urban Movement (MUP); Mexican Alliance for the Self-Determination of Peoples (AMAP); The National Assembly of Workers (ANT), National Coordinator of the Ayala Plan (CNPA); National Coordinator of Women (COM), Coalition of Mexican Organizations in Defense of Water (COMDA); Coordinator of Workers in Defense of the Public Character of Water (CTDCPA), Movimiento de Lucha Popular (MLP); Mexican Movement of People Affected by Dams and in Defense of Rivers (MAPDER); Urban Agriculture Network; Gender and Environment Network (REGEMA); Indigenous Women's Network; National Network of Rural Promoters (RNAPROR); National Action Network Against Free Trade (RMALC).

STATE: Chiapas: Center for Economic and Political Research (CIEPAC), Hermano Sol Peasant Organization; Federal District: Cuahutémoc Neighborhood Assembly, INVI Workers' Union Association (ASTINVI), Barrio San Miguel; Bazucada Subversiva Sonora; Civil Resistance Brigades, Emiliano Zapata Brigades, House of Human Rights of the Indian Peoples, CASIFOP, CE-ACTL AC, Cell November 19, 1919 of the PCM, Central Unitaria de Trabajadores, Agustín Pro Juárez Human Rights Center (Centro Prodh), Fray Fco. De Vitoria Human Rights Center, Center for Ecumenical Studies (CEE), CESEM, CIVITAS AC, Magonista Autonomous Collective, Neighborhood Assembly Collective, Episcopal Commission for Social Pastoral, Communist Committee of IPN, Potable Water Committee of Sta. Cruz Jiquipilco (CAPSCIJ), Prepa 4 Struggle Committee (CLP4), Iztacalco Committee against the FTAA (CIvsALCA), Ollín Mexica Committee, Popular Urban Workers' Peasant Council (CCUPO), Mexican Technical Consultancy, Tlatelolco Residents Coordinator, Coordinator by the Workers' Unit of the GDF Water System (CUTGDFSA), Coordinator of Housing Units INFONAVIT (CUHI), COPEVI, Independent Trade Union Current, Red Ecologist Autonomous Communities, Students Fac. Sciences-UNAM, Students Fac. Architecture, Students CCH-Sur, Students CIECO-UNAM, Students ENAH of Political Cinema, Students UAM-I, Students and Profes. UACM, Students and Professors UAM-X, Front of the People, FIAN SECC-México, Frente Popular Revolucionario DF (FPR-DF), GEA.AC, Gpo. Emiliano Zapata Sto. Tomas Ajusco, HIC-AL SECC-México, Researchers IIS-UNAM, Investigators FLACSO, Libertarian Youth, Utopia by Bicycle, Movement of Zapatista Indigenous Artisans, Southeast People's Wood, Trique DF Unification and Struggle Movement (MULT-DF) , ORGANI-K AC, Quetzalcoatl Party, Gpo. Pensioners from the IMSS, Socialist Portal, Worthy People, Environmental Reaction, Eagle Network for Organic Agriculture, Second Santiago Extension, New Seed, SINUVI, TNV del Ajusco, Health and Consciousness Workshop, Independent Popular Unit, Southern Peasant Union-DF, Union of Education Workers, Encino y Piedra Neighbors Union, Star Union, Star Popular Union, Emiliano Zapata Popular Revolutionary Union (UPREZ), UPREZ-CENTRO, UPREZ-Benito Juárez, Union of Popular Colonies-Azcapotzalco (UCP-Atzc), Union de Colonias Populares-Iztacalco (UCP-Iztacalco), XACALLI AC Conscience and Freedom A.C. (CLAC); Edo. from Mexico:Alianza Tepoyolontli, Community of the People of Tulpetlac, Citizen Committee for the Rescue of the Totolica River, Water System of Sta. Maria Tulpetlac, Guardines de Los Volcanes AC, Mazahua Movement for the Defense and Care of Water (MOVMAZDA), Union of Peoples of the Oriente de Chalco and Cocotitlán (UPOCHCO); Warrior: Council of Ejidos and Communities Opponents to the La Parota Dam (CECOP); Gentleman: Students Normalista "El Mexe"; Jalisco: Mexican Institute for Community Development (IMDEC), Inhabitants of Guadalajara Opponents of the Arcediano Dam; Michoacan : Michoacán Research and Development Center; Morelos: Asociación de Colonos de Manantiales de Cuautla, Pastoral de la Tierra, Xoxocotla Potable Water System; Oaxaca: CIPO-REM, Union of Indigenous Communities of the Northern Zone of the Isthmus (UCIZONI), Pojhuandi Collective, Tepeyac Human Rights Center of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec (CDDHT), Front of Democratic, Indigenous and Peasant Organizations (FODIC), Community Support Center Working United (CACTUS); Puebla: Tehuacán Process Alternative, Puebla United Citizen Movement (MCUP), Popoloca Indigenous Council (CIP), Tehuacan Valley Human and Labor Rights Commission (CDHyVT), Emiliano Zapata Vive Peasant Union (UCEZVive); Quintana Roo: UPD-Quintana Roo; Tlaxcala: Citizens United to the Rescue of the Acuitlapilco Lagoon (CURLA); Veracruz: Zapatista Indigenous Agrarian Movement-Ver (MAIZ-VER), UCIVER-Pobladores

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