By Fritz Sanchez
The tepuis have remained isolated to the changes of the planet, managing to preserve their "Jurassic" ecosystems, from the Precambrian period. She will be the reason why people from all regions of the world travel, crossing borders and crossing oceans to reach the summit of Roraima
Mount Roraima: Journey to the Jurassic World of Venezuela
Like islands on earth, the tepuis have remained isolated to the changes of the planet, managing to preserve their "Jurassic" ecosystems, originating in the Precambrian period, approximately 2,000 years ago.
She will be the reason why people from all regions of the world travel thousands of kilometers, crossing borders and crossing oceans to reach the summit of Roraima; feel its mystery and the vital energy that surrounds the soul, being in the land of the Dinosaurs. Or perhaps, because in the tepuis -sacred or mythical mountains that emerge from the savannas or jungles of the Amazon and Bolívar states-, the spiritual duality of man is present, according to indigenous communities that live in their vicinity.
“According to the inhabitants of San Francisco de Yuruaní, in Roraima there are the spirits of the Pemons that died a long time ago, as well as the most recent ones. They are there, as in a kind of limbo, waiting for the world to become a better land, to return to it. Also at its top inhabits "Taren", the spirit of love, which fights against "Amaiyicó", a spirit that materializes in the loved one, in order to deceive and steal the spirit of man through illness. Man is saved, only if the "Piazan" - sorcerer or healer -, gives him "Itaren" - remedy ", reveals Francisco Delascio, researcher of the exuberant flora present in the Guayanese tepuis and director of the Orinoco Botanical Garden.
Another spirit of Roraima is “Chitú-marí, which takes the form of a tucusito or that of any other bird, which when caught by a hunter, immediately falls into a sick dream and weakens, thus taking advantage of Chitú- marí, to take him to the top of the hill, with the help of other birds, the spirit of the hunter ”, explains Delascio.
Whatever the reason why thousands of people annually visit this tepui, all of them agree upon their return, having felt the exceptional magic of this monumental hill belonging to the Guiana Massif.
Route to Roraima
The journey to Roraima does start in Paraitepuy, an indigenous community in the Bolívar state –Venezuela-, where the walk starts at the base of the tepuy.
A route of gentle undulating slopes and gallery forests that run along rivers and beautiful savannas will lead you to the Kukenán River, at which point you can set up the first camp or continue towards the base of Roraima, if the physical conditions of the group are optimal, because in this second section there is a moderate but constant incline.
On the way up, you will notice how the vegetation begins to change, marveling at plants that are only found there, endemic species such as the insectivorous or carnivorous plant of Roraima.
At the base of the tepui a jungle vegetation predominates and quite humid, which decreases as one ascends to the top of the tepui by one of its walls, unfolding around it, discovered rocky cliffs and exposed parts.
The climate in the so-called "islands of time" is as particular as its flora. It rains around two hundred and seventy days a year, so there is no period of true drought and the clouds remain constant on the tepui plateau.
"At the top of the tepuis, a series of microclimates are observed, regulated by humidity, temperature, edaphic and wind factors. In this way, there are places that are very exposed to the sun and wind, and others that are more shaded and protected. In the latter, small forests -or dwarf forests- generally develop, whose trees measure 2 to 4 meters in height (…) other areas have swampy extensions, where small lagoons are formed, which at certain times support floating islands of humus. In this environment, there are many plant communities, which appear as small Japanese gardens, forming beautiful floral combinations, represented by ferns, orchids, Xyridaceae, Liliaceae ”, points out Francisco Delascio.
The Roraima summit is at 2,890 meters above sea level and awaits you with an exuberant flora and fauna, as well as an indescribable energy. However, the adventure does not end here, as you can visit emblematic places on its plateau.
If the climate is mild, you will be able to know the famous natural "Yacuzis", formed by the erosion of rocks over centuries; the Abyss of Roraima where you can see the incredible verticality of its walls; the "Maverick", a rock that simulates the silhouette of this car, which is said to be the highest part of the tepui and the valley of crystals, with beautiful quartz formations in compositions of a natural art without comparison.
They will also have the opportunity to visit the border landmark called "Triple Point", as it is the place where the borders of Venezuela, Brazil and Guyana converge, this landmark was placed in 1931 by an international commission.
This natural monument is the witness of the changes of the world for hundreds, thousands of years and it is up to us that its existence makes it reach the end of time. The burns that are carried out in the sector to hunt the few fauna that still inhabit this region are of great concern. However, burning and hunting are not the only dangers that threaten the massive colossi. The behavior of hikers and visitors is also decisive for the preservation of this natural legacy.
* Fritz Sánchez