The US confirmed its exit from the Paris Agreement, signed in 2015, with one month remaining until the next UN climate summit. The document prevented the signatory countries from abandoning it within the first three years of entry into force.
Donald Trump has fulfilled his stated intention to withdraw from the Paris Agreement. After it announced on June 1, 2017 that it would withdraw from the climate agreement signed in 2015, on Monday it was confirmed that the US has started the formal process to carry it out.
“Today we begin the formal withdrawal process from the Paris Agreement. The US is proud of our record as a world leader in reducing all emissions, building resilience, growing our economy, and ensuring energy for our citizens. Ours is a realistic and pragmatic model”Declared Secretary of State Mike Pompeo.
This announcement coincides with the day on which the agreement enters into force for three years, since point 28 of the document prevented the signatory countries from abandoning it before that period.
Chile will preside over the next COP25, and Spain will host the conference. Both countries have jointly expressed their wish that the US reconsider this decision as soon as possible.
“Chile, as the incoming Presidency of the 25th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP25), and Spain, as the host country of the conference, jointly express their wish that the United States can reconsider this decision as as soon as possible, in order to continue counting on its contribution to the Paris Agreement and the transition to a global economy low in emissions and resilient to the adverse effects of climate change”, They have expressed in a joint statement.
COP25 will be held in the city of Madrid next month. The objective of the meeting, with a marked technical nature, will be to achieve an increase in the level of ambition and climate action, key elements for the effective fulfillment of the Paris Agreement.
“Scientific evidence and direct observation of the frequency of extreme weather events clearly show that climate change due to anthropogenic causes is occurring, and that in the face of the climate crisis, it is urgent that we take collective action to address it.”, The document continues.
“Global goals cannot be met unless everyone does their part and America has to play the game"Said Gregg Marland, an environmental science professor at Appalachian State University, who is part of a global effort to track carbon dioxide emissions. "We are the second biggest player. What happens to the game if we take our ball and go home?“
The exit would be effective one day after the US elections.
Environmental organizations have also reacted to this decision by the US. "Trump's isolationism at this critical time for the planet and humanity is morally reprehensible, but his attempt to derail global progress in the fight against climate change will fail. The Paris Agreement will remain in effect, with or without the United States Government. The transition to clean energy will continue"Said the executive director of Greenpeace in the US, Annie Leonard.
The withdrawal will be effective one year after the notification, that is, as of November 4, 2020, which coincides with the day after the presidential elections in the North American country. If someone other than Trump wins in 2020, the next president could go back to the deal in just 30 days and plan how to reduce CO2 emissions.