Forest-dwelling wildlife populations have been reduced by approximately 53%, according to the report Below the Canopy made by the WWF.
According to the WWF, the main threat to forest biodiversity is 60% human activity. Furthermore, this decrease was greater in tropical forests, such as the Amazon rainforest.
The report makes clear that forests, which are home to more than half of the world's terrestrial species and one of our most important carbon sinks, are vital to maintaining the health of the planet.
Forest wildlife provides key functions to keep them healthy and productive, such as pollinating and dispersing seeds and other crucial functions that affect natural regeneration and carbon storage, according to WWF, "If we want to reverse the decline in biodiversity around the world and avoid the climate crisis, we must protect forests and the species that live in them”.
Birds and primates, the most affected
The most affected species are birds and primates, as these animals help the seeds of the densest trees to disperse carbon. Without these species, less carbon dense trees would be the majority.
When animals disappear from those in the forests, this life cycle is lost with them, with dire consequences for the health of forests, the climate, and the more than one billion human beings who depend on forests for their livelihoods.
Despite the above, the importance of biodiversity in the forest is often underestimated, particularly in the forests of South America and Africa, where forest loss and degradation continues at an accelerating rate, driven mainly by logging for logging. commodity production, unsustainable logging, agriculture and forest fires.
“This greatly compromises our ability to prevent the world from entering dangerous levels of climate change and breaking other planetary boundaries.”, States the WWF.
In turn, the WWF calls on the governments of the world to achieve a "New Deal for Nature and People", where commitments and various Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are improved to mitigate climate change and the provision of ecosystem services, such as water and air purification, nutrient cycling, soil erosion control and the supply of food, wood and other products, which are depleting resources at an accelerating rate due to their maladministration.