3 new reserves make Spain the world leader in ‘Biosphere Reserves’

3 new reserves make Spain the world leader in ‘Biosphere Reserves’

The International Coordinating Council (CIC) of the Man and the Biosphere Program (MAB, for its acronym in English), designated 3 new Spanish reserves that are incorporated into the Network of Biosphere Reserves, making Spain the world leader.

They were designated: the Alto Turia Biosphere Reserve, in the Valencian Community; The Siberia of Extremadura (Badajoz) and the Cabriel valley (Teruel, Castilla-La Mancha and the Valencian Community). In addition, two reserves have been expanded, that of Menorca and the upper Manzanares basin.

UNESCO defines biosphere reserves as areas composed of terrestrial, marine and coastal ecosystems, which promote solutions to reconcile the conservation of biodiversity with its sustainable use, economic development, research and education.

The reserves are “science support sites in the service of sustainability”, designed to assess interdisciplinary approaches to understanding and managing changes and interactions of social and ecological systems, including conflict prevention and biodiversity management.

At present, Spain is the world leader in Biosphere Reserves with a total of 49 so far in 15 of the 17 autonomous communities and three of them transboundary. Thus, it surpasses the United States (47 reservations); Russia (41) or China (33). At present, the network of Biosphere Reserves has 686 sites in 122 countries, of which 20 are transboundary.

The Biosphere Reserves account for 12 percent of the Spanish territory, that figure represents more than six million hectares in which about two million people live, according to the Ministry for Ecological Transition (Miteco).

In Spain, the Autonomous National Parks Organization (OAPN), dependent on Miteco, is responsible for coordinating the activities that constitute the national contribution to the MAB.

For the declaration of a territory as a reserve, the MAB values, among other aspects, the conservation and biological diversity of these spaces, the use of resources and the coexistence and traditional uses and customs of the population that lives in them.

The appointment, announced in Paris, was attended by a delegation made up of different Extremadura regional, provincial and municipal authorities from the 11 municipalities that are part of the new reserve: Castilblanco, Fuenlabrada de los Montes, Garbayuela, Helechosa de los Montes, Herrera de Duque, Puebla de Alcocer, Risco, Sancti-Spíritus, Tamurejo, Valdecaballeros and Villarta de los Montes.


Video: MindMaps for UPSC - Biosphere Reserves Environment (June 2021).