The non-profit Australian Koala Foundation (AKF) states that there are only 80,000 specimens of this species left in Australia, and based on their monitoring done since 2010, they estimate that koalas have become extinct in 41 states out of 128. Mass hunting at the beginning of the 20th century and the destruction of their habitat are the main causes of putting the existence of these animals at serious risk, the NGO maintains.
"This figure is approximately 1% of the eight million koalas that were killed for their fur and sent to London between 1890 and 1927," the AKF report mentions.
There are few species as exotic as koalas, but this could change in the coming years. According to experts, the species would be close to disappearing in the next generation due to the loss of habitats they are suffering and the absence of a sufficient number of reproductive adults to sustain their evolution.
According to the harsh AKF report released a week ago, they assure that this animal species is "functionally extinct", because it has been reduced so much that it no longer has any effect on the surrounding environment, in addition to what has already been mentioned on the number of breeding adults left alive to support the species.
In relation to the aforementioned, according to the definition of Christine Adams-Hosking, a biologist at the University of Queensland: species with a number of members sufficient to reproduce but insufficient to prevent dangerous inbreeding that compromises the future of the population.
In 2011, the Australian Senate ordered an investigation into the problem and the results were overwhelming: the koala is in serious extinction problems. The AKF says that despite being investigated, not much has been done to try to save the koala's habitat, much less to protect it. "The politicians have suppressed their responsibilities," they state in the document.
From the NGO, they have decided to make an emergency appeal to the Government of Australia in which they ask that a koala protection law be passed that does everything possible to prevent the real extinction of the species. "The difficult situation of the koala now falls on their shoulders," they said, referring to Australian politicians.
Although it is true that the Koala is at serious risk of extinction, the NGO believes that there is still a chance to recover a large part of its population.
Sources: elconfidencial.com elsoldemexico.com.mx and actuality.rt.com