Colombia's goal is to reforest until reaching 180 million trees planted by 2022, as expressed by its president, Iván Duque, on Tuesday within the framework of the Fourth Global Annual Meeting of the Tropical Forest Alliance (TFA), held in Bogotá.
Deforestation of Colombia
Colombia is one of the most affected regions of the Amazon, where 75% of the country's deforestation is concentrated. In the last ten years it has lost nearly 200,000 hectares per year of its forests and humid tropical forest.
For 2017, the Institute of Hydrology, Meteorology and Environmental Studies (Ideam), reported 219,000 hectares affected, a figure that grew 27.8% in 2018, the year in which the entity registered 280,000 hectares until the third quarter.
In this regard, the president referred to the event as a "savage ecocide that deserves the repudiation and rejection of the international community."
"We want to accompany that condemnation with a collective conscience about why we have to protect that source of natural wealth that is our tropical forests," he added.
Along these lines, Duque recalled the launch of the "Artemisa" operation, which seeks to stop the advance of deforestation in the country through an offensive against criminals.
Duque attributed the "damage to forests and nature" to activities derived from "practices such as planting illicit crops or illegal mining that spills mercury polluting water sources and deteriorating the quality of life of citizens."
To counteract deforestation, several are the initiatives of researchers in the country that seek solutions to reforest the land. This is the case of Gelber Rosas Patiño, doctor in Agricultural Sciences from the National University of Colombia (U.N.), Palmira campus, who, through the use of the cocoa clone CCN-51 and other variants, seeks to reforest up to 25,000 hectares by 2025 in Caquetá.
According to the researcher, in the department there is an important predominance of extensive cattle ranching, one of the activities that most promotes deforestation. This is supported by the Ideam figures, which indicate that the main deforestation nuclei are concentrated in the northwest of the Colombian Amazon region, specifically in the departments of Caquetá (980 deforestation points), Putumayo (179), Guaviare (106 ) and follow Meta with (76).
“The forest is felled and the pasture established. That is why we have the highest rates of deforestation. The objective is to establish other production possibilities and cocoa is ideal for its yields per unit area.
In addition, to reforest we use the technique called agroforestry systems, which are productive systems where trees and crops, including animals, are mixed in the same time and space, ”explained Rosas. In this way, where there used to be pasture, a new cycle begins that helps reforestation and the production of agricultural activities is diversified.
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