A colossal plan to stop the advance of the desert with the planting of millions of trees, which involves eleven African countries, Burkina Faso, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan and Chad.
Due to the desertification of the Sahara and the Sahel, 60 million Africans are going to have to leave their homes, according to a UN analysis. Therefore the advance of this natural wall is very necessary to stop the situation. In addition, this project will allow, among other things, to recover several traditional cultivation techniques that have been lost due to many advances, in the same way it also intends to reincorporate several species of animals that have moved away from the area due to the advance of the desert.
Some outstanding advances of the project that was launched in 2007:
-In the last decade, since your project began, only 15% of The Great Green Wall has been completed. However, despite being a young project, this advance has already brought many benefits. There are already more green areas and the exodus of populations such as the Fulani people, one of the most affected by the desertification of the Sahara and the Sahel, has been considerably reduced.
-In Senegal, more than 12 million drought-resistant trees have already been planted. It is the country that has advanced the most in the task of recovering land, allowing its communities to increase their income and produce food for their families at the same time. It is estimated that the Senegalese have already planted some 150 km. Every year almost two million seedlings are planted and between 70 and 75% of the flora survive.
-In the nation of Niger there has already been a recovery of 5 million hectares of land that produced 500 thousand more tons of cereals per year.
-In Ethiopia there was a rehabilitation of 15 million hectares of degraded land
Although it may seem that progress is very small, reality shows something quite different. There are still many more years to complete this ambitious project, which not only involves the planting of trees, but also the creation of a dam and a large irrigation system to boost agriculture in the African countries most affected by hunger.
"The general feeling is that we are heading towards the goal, which is very large, there are 100 million hectares of land that are being restored," said Dr. Barron Joseph Orr, the scientist in charge of the United Nations Convention on Struggle against Desertification, who calculated a final horizon of the project for the year 2030 and ensured the creation of 10 million green jobs.