For its abundance of species, genetic resources, and marine and terrestrial ecosystems, the North American country is fifth in the world ranking of nations.
We will first define biodiversity, as the variety of living beings that inhabit planet Earth. This includes the different ecosystems and species, as well as the genetic differences that exist between the individuals that constitute it.
According to statistical data from the Mexican Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources, with almost 70% of the variety of plants and animals in the world, Mexico is fifth among the 12 megadiverse countries in the world.
The group of megadiverse countries is also made up of: Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Brazil, Congo, Madagascar, China, India, Malaysia, Indonesia and Australia.
According to current data, Mexico has 67 ecological parks, 34 reserves, 17 sanctuaries and 4 natural monuments. Its variety of species is equivalent to 10% of the total population of flora and fauna that exists on the planet, making it one of the countries called "Megadiverse".
Due to its wide biodiversity, Mexico is in the first places in the lists of species of both flora and fauna, since 26 thousand types of plants, 282 species of amphibians, 707 varieties of reptiles and 439 mammals have been found so far .
It is the country with the greatest ecological diversity in Latin America and the Caribbean, since within its political limits are the 5 different ecosystems, 9 of the 11 types of habitats and 51 of the 191 ecoregions that exist on the planet.
Its great biodiversity is due to its geographical position, variety of climates and complex topography; These characteristics have provided different conditions, thus allowing the existence of a large number of animal and plant species and natural habitats. It also has the privilege of having coastlines in two oceans, the Pacific and the Atlantic.
Sources: https://www.gob.mx http://hidroponia.mx