A smart and sustainable project known as the Great Green Wall was started in Africa in 2007.
This wonderful project consists of the cultivation of an extensive green area in Africa. And once completed, the vegetation will extend for 8,000 km with the vital purpose of being a source of food and providing a better future for the millions of Africans who suffer the consequences of climate change due to global warming.
Great Green Wall: a humanitarian, ecological, pioneering and epic project!
The Great Green Wall when completed, will be the largest living structure on Earth and a new Wonder of the World.
This green wall begins in the Sahel region (Tunisia), on the southern border of the Sahara desert, one of the poorest and most arid places on the planet.
The Sahel is among the areas that suffer the most from the devastating impact of the effects of global warming, affecting millions of inhabitants with hunger, drought, the dispute over natural resources and massive migration to Europe to escape poverty.
Other African countries such as Senegal, West Africa and Djibouti in the East are also facing these difficulties and are working to reverse this situation.
In the Globo Play News video with the reporters of What world is that? showing Senegal and continuing on a long journey to the limits of the Sahara desert to see the Great Green Wall, an action by 11 African countries to contain the advance of the desert and solve the problem of drought and hunger in these territories.
This African initiative has progressed and changed considerably in these regions, increasing the possibilities for a better life with more food, jobs, health, nature, material stability and preservation of the environment.
The Green Wall began as a pioneering action by the African Union to create green landscapes and make African soil productive, encompassing territories such as North Africa, the Sahel and the Horn.
Areas covered by the Great Green Wall
At present, the Great Green Wall has expanded and involves more than 20 countries of the Sahelo-Saharan region, which are: Algeria, Burkina Faso, Benin, Chad, Cape Verde, Djibouti, Egypt, Ethiopia, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Gambia, Tunisia.
How was this idea born?
The seed of this idea arose in 1952, during an expedition in that area, in which Richard St. Barbe Baker, proposed to create a "green barrier" to prevent the advance of the desert.
His idea was remembered in 2002 at the N'Djamena (Chad) summit, on the occasion of the World Day to Combat Desertification and Dry Seca, and in 2005 it was presented and approved by the Community Heads of State and Government Conference of the Sahel and Sahara States, during the Seventh Regular Session, held in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso).
Muralla Verde, a Green Economy venture
This green economy venture, Green Economy, has the objective of promoting the development of self-sustainable communities with agricultural and economic activities, based on environmental development.
The objective of this undertaking is to restore the productivity of the forests and give the inhabitants of that region the conditions to face the challenges of climate change.
The Great Green Wall is being formed by the planting of acacias, trees that support arid regions, being resistant to drought, as their roots accumulate water.
This large green wing will extend 8,000 km in length, 15 km in width, initially to tree 11 African countries.
Currently, this project has achieved 15% of its goal, but it is already presenting many benefits in the countries involved.
In Senegal, trees were planted on about 12 million hectares of land and in other African countries such as Ethiopia, 37 million hectares of land were restored and in Nigeria, 5 million hectares of degraded areas were vitalized.
The Great Green Wall official site summarizes the objective of this endeavor with the following message:
"The Great Green Wall is not just for the Sahel. It is a global symbol for humanity that overcomes its greatest threat, our changing environment. This shows that if we can work with nature, even in difficult places, like the Sahel, we can overcome adversity and build a better world for future generations.
This initiative is transforming the lives of millions of people by providing fertile lands, food production, job creation, insertion of women in the labor field, preventing forced emigration and calming local conflicts over land.
An action with global impact
The UN highlights the importance of the positive impact of the Green Wall on a global level, since the realization of this action aims to avoid that during the next decade, 50 million people are forced to displace due to desertification, resulting from climate change and the depletion of natural resources.
The “Action Against Desertification” is an initiative of the Group of African, Caribbean and Pacific States (ACP), which is implemented with the support of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), and the financial contribution of the European Union.
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