A drop of water is flexible. A drop of water is powerful. A drop of water is more necessary than ever.
Water is an essential element of sustainable development. Water resources, and the range of services they provide, play a key role in poverty reduction, economic growth, and environmental sustainability. Water promotes the well-being of the population and inclusive growth, and has a positive impact on the lives of billions of people, by influencing issues that affect food and energy security, human health and the environment.
Leave no one behind
This year's theme is "Leave No One Behind." It is an adaptation of the central promise of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: everyone must benefit from progress in sustainable development.
One of the goals of Sustainable Development Goal 6 (SDG 6) is to ensure the availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all by 2030. By definition, that means leaving no one behind.
Today millions of people still live without clean water - at home, school, workplace, farm, factory - and they struggle to survive and prosper. Marginalized groups are often forgotten: women, children, refugees, indigenous peoples, people with disabilities and many others. Or, they are discriminated against when trying to get and manage the drinking water they need.
When we speak of “potable water” we refer to the “safely managed potable water supply service”, that is, water that can be accessed in homes, when it is needed and that is not contaminated.
The right to water
In 2010, the United Nations recognized that "the right to safe drinking water and sanitation is an essential human right for the full enjoyment of life and all human rights." The human right to water is understood as the right of every person, without discrimination, to have sufficient, safe, acceptable, accessible and affordable water for personal and domestic use, and includes water for consumption, sanitation, laundry, food preparation and personal and domestic hygiene.
The “grounds of discrimination” for which some people are particularly disadvantaged when it comes to access to water are:
- sex and gender;
- race, ethnicity, religion, birth status, caste, language, and nationality;
- disability, age and health status;
- the possession of goods, the place of residence, and the economic and social situation.
- Other factors such as environmental degradation, climate change, population growth, conflict, migration flows and forced displacement.
In order to leave no one behind, we must focus our efforts on including people who have been marginalized or ignored. Water supply services must meet the needs of marginalized groups and their voices must be taken into account in decision-making processes. Regulatory and legal frameworks must recognize everyone's right to water, and provide sufficient funding, equitably and effectively, for those who need it most.
World Water Day is coordinated by UN Water Available in English, a collaboration mechanism of the United Nations on issues related to drinking water in which governments and other entities participate.
More information http://www.un.org/es/events/waterday/