Faced with the challenge of designing housing units for rural areas in the south of the city of Bogotá, the Colombian Society of Architects called for participation with proposals that proposed technological and spatial solutions; not only that they allow the development of forms of productivity and viable growth, but that they apply criteria of sustainability, efficiency and comfort.
Considering the adaptability of the unit's architecture to the lands located in three variable geographies and characteristics of the Andean landscape, the jury awarded first place to the FP Arquitectura team and second place to Espacio Colectivo Arquitectos + Estación Espacial Arquitectos. Learn about the latter in detail under the words of its authors, below.
The panorama today of rural housing as an architectural solution is non-existent, apart from private initiatives to extract ideas from academies and other entities that promote the issue, the housing project that is built in rural territories is devoid of all dignity.
Homes on vulnerable land, overcrowded materials with no thermal response, electrical intermittency, improvised sanitary systems, are some of the problems that the peasant lives with on a daily basis. As a consequence, when we speak of rurality we have a direct image of poverty and lack of opportunities, which has triggered the exodus from the countryside to the city and the abandonment of productive forestry and livestock activities essential for family support.
Approximately 75% of Bogotá's territory is a rural area, which borders the Sumapaz páramo, according to the District's characterization of the capital's land. This territory is equivalent to 166,000 rural hectares, and of these only 35,000 are suitable for agricultural activities. The rest were declared protected, where the exploitation of the soil for agriculture is prohibited.
This scenario opens the opportunity to rethink rural housing in Bogota, from the idea of a resilient habitat, this means a house that as a principle adapts and overcomes the aforementioned adversities, producing its own food, heating its interior, growing together with its inhabitants. , respecting their architectural and spatial traditions (vernacular) and allowing them to be part of a community.
We propose as a conceptual strategy the union between: heat / energy generation and the habitable structure, Termo Techo.
AGreenhouse It is not only a closed space structure covered by transparent materials, it is also a covered patio for rainy seasons, a place to produce and take care of our food from frost, a space for family and community meeting, a thermal device that heats a house of safe and efficient way.
So we also believe that aCeiling it is a habitable structure, a place, a spatial surface that protects from inclement weather, it is what people demand on the streets, an essential element when we think of a home. Apart from being built of various materials, it represents a longing and desire to live in dignity. ACeiling it is a primitive element typical of our ancestral cultures; La Maloca, Ruca, Choza, are spaces built mostly as a roof. HeCeiling it is the spatial cultural essence from which we support this project.
We design a house as a thermal cover, which shelters inside the relationship between the productive and daily life of today's peasant.
The proposal is based on an elementary principle of support that allows building a living space covered by two inclined planes supported by each other, forming a traction triangle. The steel structure composed of triangular frames, make up the volume of theHousing-Greenhouse and stiffen theCeiling.
We believe that if we respond to the group of variables through a thermal, adaptable, community, productive and resilient proposal, we are approaching to mitigate the quantitative and, above all, qualitative deficit of rural housing in Bogotá.
Architect:Architects Collective Space + Architects Space Station
Architects in charge:Carlos Hernán Betancourt, Sebastián Contreras, Aldo Marcelo hurtado
Designer Team:Josman Rojas, Julian Londoño, Jessica Rojas, Edier Segura, Sofia Zuluaga, Emanuel Vivieros, Paulina Jimenez, est. Valentina Garcia, est. David zuñiga,, est. Cristian Bandera. its T. Yeison prawn
Client:District Planning Secretariat SDP of the Mayor's Office of Bogotá D.C
Promoter:Colombian Society of Architects - Bogotá D.C. and Cundinamarca
Images: Courtesy of Espacio Colectivo Arquitectos + Espacio Espacio Arquitectos