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Did you know that the oceans have everything?

Did you know that the oceans have everything?

By Baher Kamal

The United Nations (UN) reminds us that the oceans are essential for terrestrial ecosystems, as well as a source of biodiversity, food and life. In fact, about 40 percent of the world's population lives about 100 kilometers from the coast.

For this reason, better management of marine resources is necessary "to guarantee world food security," recalls the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).

The United Nations (UN) reminds us that the oceans are essential for terrestrial ecosystems, as well as a source of biodiversity, food and life. In fact, about 40 percent of the world's population lives about 100 kilometers from the coast.

For this reason, better management of marine resources is necessary "to guarantee world food security," recalls the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).

Overfishing or how to deplete the oceans

FAO estimates that some 91 to 93 million tonnes of fish are caught annually, and shellfish are among the world's most traded commodities with an export value of $ 142 billion in 2016.

In addition, it is estimated that illegal, unregistered or unregulated fishing removes another 26 million tons of fish per year, damaging marine ecosystems and sabotaging efforts to achieve sustainability of this activity.

About 80 percent of ocean pollution comes from land, and coastal areas are especially vulnerable to pollutants, FAO notes. For example, plastics, which are a particular problem when huge garbage patches form in the water.

And to that is added that climate change with consequences such as ocean acidification affects the survival of marine species.

Coastal development also destroys and degrades important marine ecosystems, such as coral reefs, seagrass beds, and mangroves.

The seriousness of the problem is such that leaders, scientists, specialists and civil society organizations are preparing to participate in the World Conference on Oceans, which will take place from June 5 to 9 this year in New York.

A World Ocean Festival

As a way of expanding its visibility, the UN announced on the 11th of this month the realization of the first World Oceans Festival, which will be the starting point of the conference and within the framework of which activists and artists will take to the streets and courses of New York water to raise awareness about the need to reverse declining ocean health.

To that end, the head of international affairs for the New York City Hall, Penny Abeywardena, met with the President of the UN General Assembly, Peter Thompson, to report that the festival will take place on June 4, the day before from the start of the week-long conference.

Sweden, which has been a major player in efforts to save the oceans, remarked through the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Climate, Isabella Lövin, that the Conference on the Oceans will be a "unique opportunity" to save them from enormous stress. to which they are subjected.

“We don't need to invent or negotiate anything new, we just have to take steps to implement what we have already agreed to,” Lövin stressed.

The facts are clear, as is the solution. It remains to be seen whether the rulers of the world decide to act.

Translated by Verónica Firme

IPS News


Video: 10 Impressive Facts About Oceans Ocean Facts You Will Find Hard To Believe. Creative Vision (June 2021).