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Mexico could run out of water due to its high consumption and pollution

Mexico could run out of water due to its high consumption and pollution

There are 884 million people in the world who do not have access to drinking water.

The country, with about 121 million inhabitants, is beginning to witness how water reserves are running out day after day; and the mechanism to fix this problem has not yet been found.

According to a study by the Virtual Water Center to which Hypertextual has had access, the availability of water per capita has drastically decreased since 1950, when each Mexican could reach 18,000 cubic meters a year. In 2012, the figure dropped to 4,028 cubic meters.

Every Mexican currently consumes 360 liters of water a day, an exaggerated figure compared to the 40 liters that were consumed in the mid-1990s.

The study predicts how Mexicans can spend more and more water in the coming years, reaching 91.2 billion liters of water per year in 2030.

The problem in Mexico is not only based on high demand, but also on overexploitation and the quality of the water consumed.

Of the 653 aquifers identified in Mexico, 106 are overexploited and 70% of the waters show some degree of contamination; while in 24% the contamination is so high that it is impossible to give it a direct use.

Around 1,000 children die daily from diseases related to poor water quality or hygiene in the world, according to the United Nations (UN).

In Mexico, 9.1 for every 100,000 children under the age of five have died from diarrheal diseases.

A report from the National Water Commission (Conagua), in 2015, stressed that the total costs for depletion and degradation of the environment amount to 907,473 million pesos, and were more than five times higher than the expenses in environmental protection for that year , 141,933 million pesos.

Taking into account the increase in the population in Mexico and the rise in consumption in recent years, water in Mexico can become a very precious commodity in the medium long term. However, water is wasted every day in Mexico City.

According to data published in Reforma, the Water System attends around 27,857 annual leaks in the Mexican capital. Depending on the magnitude of the leak, 0.1 to 10 liters per second can be lost, and the average time to repair the incident is six days.

Assuming that the leak reform is fixed in six days and that an average of five liters per second are lost, an incident of such magnitude would have caused the loss of 2.593 thousand liters of water.

An approximate number of 76 daily water leaks is calculated in the Mexican metropolis.

In addition to the problem of waste, Mexico City also faces one of the most serious problems that climate change and the management of the water network could cause: subsidence.

The aquifers that provide water to the great city are beginning to dry up, making it increasingly easier for subsidence, says an investigation by The New York Times.

Global warming, which causes heavier rains but also more intense droughts, only fuels the problem that can affect millions of Mexicans.

A study by the World Resources Institute found in 2015 that Mexico is among the countries that are at risk of a water shortage crisis, which could reach 80% in 2040. The water crisis in Mexico has already begun .

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