This year, Mother Earth Day coincides with the signing ceremony of the Paris Agreement on climate change, which will take place at the United Nations headquarters in New York. The Agreement was approved by the 196 States parties to the Framework Convention on Climate Change in Paris on December 12, 2015. In the agreement, all countries pledged to work to limit the increase in global temperature below 2 degrees Celsius, and given the serious risks, to strive to make it less than 1.5 degrees Celsius. The ceremony takes place on the first day that the Agreement will be open for signature, marking the first step in ensuring that the Agreement enters into legal force as soon as possible.
The General Assembly, Recognizing that Mother Earth is a common expression used to refer to planet Earth in various countries and regions, which demonstrates the interdependence between human beings, other living species and the planet that we all inhabit and Observing that each year Earth Day is celebrated in many countries, it decided to designate April 22 as International Mother Earth Day in 2009, by virtue of resolution A / RES / 63/278 PDF document.
2016 Theme: Trees for Earth
Earth Day began to be celebrated in the United States of America in 1970 and is now heading towards its 50th anniversary. The Day is organized by the Earth Day Network Available in English, whose mission is to expand and diversify the environmental movement around the world and mobilize it effectively to build a healthy and sustainable environment, tackle climate change, and protect the Earth for future generations. This year's theme has a goal of planting 7.8 million trees in the next five years.
Why the trees?
- Trees help fight climate change
- They absorb harmful excess CO2 from our atmosphere. In fact, in a single year, half a hectare of mature trees absorbs the same amount of CO2 produced by the average driving of a car, which is about 42,000 kilometers.
- Trees help us breathe clean air
- Trees absorb odors and polluting gases (nitrogen oxides, ammonia, sulfur dioxide and ozone) and air filter particles trapping them in their leaves and bark.
- Trees help us counter the loss of species.
- By planting the right trees, we can help counter species loss as well as provide greater habitat connectivity between regional forest fragments.
- Trees help communities and their livelihoods
- Trees help communities achieve long-term economic and environmental sustainability and provide food, energy and income.