According to data presented by the Huella Dakar Bolivia project, an entity related to the Ministry of Tourism, in 2014 and 2015 (see infographic) the carbon footprint was measured at the conclusion of the most famous and dangerous international motor vehicle competition in the world. For this year only an approximate was obtained, taking into account that the vehicles only left the country yesterday.
In 2014, the carbon footprint reached 12,811 t and in 2015 it reached 17,445 t, making a total of 30,256 t. The estimate of environmentalists indicates that this year's emission will exceed 10,000 t, taking into account that trucks, as well as motorcycles, quadricycles and cars, entered this version of the Dakar for the first time.
“The project is an initiative of the Ministry (of Tourism) to minimize the impact that the Dakar Rally has on climate change. The measurement was only applied to indirect emissions, that is, to the transport of spectators, generation of garbage and consumption of extra energy in communities where the competition passed; the organizers measure direct emissions (motor vehicles and competitors) on their own ”, clarified the consultant of Huella Dakar Bolivia, Valeria Revilla.
Figures. Environmental researcher Pablo Solón specified that the more than 40,000 tons of carbon dioxide are comparable to the combustion of almost 15 million liters of gasoline. "And that the report does not take into account the direct impact generated by the trucks, vehicles, motorcycles and quadricycles that passed through the territory."
Based on data from the Huella Dakar Bolivia project, the environmentalist calculated that the magnitude of the pollution is equal to the emissions that are generated in a year by the consumption of electricity by about 25,000 families.
To determine the level of carbon dioxide (CO2) production, international regulations created the Carbon Footprint (HC), which measures all the greenhouse gases that are produced, directly or indirectly, by a person, organization, product or exercise. The world average of HC is five tons of carbon dioxide per person each year.
The Dakar has been held in South American countries since 2009 and in Bolivia since 2014. The Minister of Tourism, Marko Machicao, in previous statements, affirmed that it leaves important economic gains to the country. "We estimate that it will leave profits between 120 and 130 million dollars, remember that in 2015 there were 98 million and a fraction."
The economic benefits are translated into accommodation, food, transport and formal and informal trade in the populations through which the competition passes.
But another aspect that worried environmentalists and archaeologists was the deterioration of the heritage. Archaeologist Carlos Lemus said that the journey of more than 400 trucks, vehicles, motorcycles and quads through semi-virgin areas caused a severe environmental impact. “It seriously affects soil compaction, flora and fauna. Before they had to carry out a serious environmental study and not a partial document ”.
In this regard, the Vice Minister of the Environment, Gonzalo Rodríguez, explained that the Government issued the environmental license for the passage of the Dakar, after taking the appropriate provisions and measures to prevent damage or loss of natural and archaeological wealth from being reported. "The environmental license was prepared with great responsibility because it was prevented so that the route is not in the open field," he said.
There is affectation in archaeological areas
Communities that preserve archaeological ruins have endured for three years the irreversible deterioration of protected areas due to the passage of vehicles, motorcycles, quadricycles, and in 2016, trucks participating in the Dakar Rally, which this year passed through Tarija, Potosí and Oruro .
Carlos Lemus, a member of the La Paz Anthropology Society, explained that there are archaeological ruins along the route that the motorized riders went through and said that they all suffered irreparable damage; The richest ones are found all the way around and around Uyuni, in the case of the cave of the Galaxy, Ayquepucara, at the foot of the Tunupa hill, which has Aymara archaeological objects on the ground, mummies and strange volcanic rock formations.
“Already in 2014, a few months after finishing the Dakar, the destruction of archaeological areas at different points along the route was reported. The government officials themselves confirmed this, but out of political fear they did nothing.? The damage worsens every year due to international competition, "said Lemus.
However, the Ministry of Culture and Tourism reported that, together with the General Directorate of Cultural Heritage, the Archaeological Protection Plan was designed after evaluating the roadmap, to take care of the heritage.
For the protection, boundary tapes were placed, police officers and specialized personnel were displaced to guarantee protection in areas such as the Apacheta-Capilla Cielo, a site where rituals were once held; the Cruce Andapata Lupe, which keeps pieces of ceramics, bones and lithics, as well as other areas.
Lemus argued that the archaeological damage was not only due to the passage of motorized vehicles, but also tourists and spectators. “People invaded heritage areas and without any care went up to
What is CO2?
It is a colorless and odorless gas
Carbon dioxide (CO2) is a gas composed of two oxygen atoms and one carbon. It is colorless, odorless and with a slight acid taste; 1.5 times denser than air.
What is its importance?
It is essential for fauna and flora
CO2 is essential for the survival of plants and animals on the planet; however, too much can lead to the end of life on Earth.
Why is it harmful?
The excessive emission of CO2 leads to global warming, which causes alterations in the climate. Population growth and energy consumption increase emissions.
Development is the enemy
The revolution in industry, in agriculture and the demand for energy for development are some of the human activities that most contribute to the greenhouse effect.
Carbon dioxide (CO2) is a gas composed of two oxygen atoms and one carbon. It is colorless, odorless and with a slight acid taste; 1.5 times denser than air Irreversible damage
The gas is in the atmosphere
The atmospheric alterations due to CO2 emissions are irreversible, since eliminating the polluting gas does not help to remedy the current situation.
A long-term task
When humanity begins to use clean energy, increase plant surfaces and avoid deforestation, the planet will emit less carbon dioxide.