However, in many cases the information provided by the packaging regarding the composition of the product is not entirely clear to the consumer, so most of the time we consume guided by the advertising of the companies without knowing the traceability or without know well what we are consuming.
Argentina is currently among the 3 main producers of genetically modified crops (GMOs), however, consumers are not aware when we eat transgenics since labeling is optional and not mandatory in our country.
For this reason, campaigns have been undertaken to demand labeling and make it mandatory so that everyone can choose whether to consume a certain product or not.
The concern of most consumers regarding the origin of the products and their transgenic origin lies in their influence on health.
The concern of most consumers regarding the origin of the products and their transgenic origin lies in their influence on health. Several scientific studies conclude that genetically manipulated foods can cause allergies, poisonings, harmful alterations in nutritional value, resistance to antibiotics and alterations of the immune system.
“It is vitally important for the public to be protected from all transgenic products, and not just those that contain transgenic DNA or protein. This is because the genetic modification process itself, at least as currently practiced, is inherently dangerous, ”wrote the 800 scientists who signed a letter calling for the elimination of GMOs in the world.
Although a large part of the transgenic soy produced in Argentina is exported to countries where it is used to feed cattle, pigs and poultry, an important part of transgenic products are being consumed massively in our country through different foods that are exposed " camouflaged ”.
High-turnover foods typically displayed on supermarket shelves contain GMOs such as soy lecithin
The high-turnover foods that are normally displayed on the supermarket shelves contain GMOs such as soy lecithin, present in cookies, yogurts, desserts, alfajores, puddings, margarine, mayonnaise, chocolates, French fries, juices, ice cream, desserts, pre-prepared rice, stuffed pasta, soy breaded, etc.
In addition to this, it should be noted that a large part of the genetically modified soy from which these foods come has the highest levels of contamination by pesticides since they are increasingly resistant to agrochemicals.
“It is the first time that an organism has been created to resist an agrochemical. This is an invitation to superspray because the first soybeans were resistant to glyphosate; instead, now 2,4 D and glufosinate, more powerful herbicides. The transgenics were thought for the agrochemical ”, pointed out the journalist Soledad Barruti, in her book“ Malcomidos ”.
Putting the labels on GMOs
According to the Argentine Food Code (CAA), the food label is intended to provide information on the particular characteristics of food, how it is prepared, handled and stored, nutritional properties and content.
In other words, the Argentine regulations are based on the characteristics and risks identified of the product and not on the process by which it was originated; only the information that it was approved by a competent governmental body is included. For example, in the packaging of a yogurt it is not reported which strains of fermenting lactic bacteria were used, but it is known that their use was authorized by the INAL-ANMAT (National Food Institute dependent on the National Administration of Medicines, Food, and Medical Technology). It is also not known from which cows the milk was obtained for the yogurt, although this raw material must have been previously approved by SENASA (National Service for Agrifood Health and Quality).
While environmentalists and a large number of consumers do not want to buy "blindly", there are those who do not consider labeling necessary if foods are basically equivalent in composition and nutritional value to "conventional" foods.
Likewise, the producer sector considers that the labeling of products derived from transgenic crops would imply a substantial increase in costs for the agro-food industry.
10 European countries have already banned the commercialization of transgenics, in Latin America also Peru, Bolivia and Ecuador
This global controversy is presented in different ways and governments have expressed different positions, for example 10 European countries have already banned the commercialization of transgenics, in Latin America Peru, Bolivia and Ecuador also did, but in other countries such as Argentina not only large crops are grown extensions, but it is also marketed and the mandatory labeling of GMOs is not contemplated.
Some environmental organizations - such as Greenpeace - periodically update and disclose a list of brands and foods in which they found the presence of GMOs that are not reported on the labels. You will surely be surprised to review it and find that several recognized brands that you consume periodically are on that list, especially those products that contain corn and soy.
For this reason, many families are choosing to consume organic products, either by buying them in sustainable consumer markets or by growing them directly, naturally, without agro-toxins and without artificially inserted genes.
The truth is that when there are interests, money and businesses involved, it is not so easy to change the producer model or the associated regulations, but we can from our place -as consumers and heads of families- choose to consume better, know the traceability of the products. food and go back to nature.