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By Carlos Ruperto Fermín
When money imposes its own rules of the game on planet Earth, an ecological imbalance is established in our Latin American territories, which increases with the judicial inaction of public bodies, which are incapable of applying the environmental laws in force, to punish quickly the criminal acts presented.
The great delinquency against the Pachamama is a multifaceted problem within Latin American regions, since each businessman, landowner, guerrilla or politician, has his own economic ambitions that must be quickly achieved, violating the sanctity of the Environment and bearing fruitful ignorance of their decisions.
From the province of Islay in Peru, through the beautiful Mil Cumbres reserve in Cuba, and reaching the enigmatic Sierra de Álvarez in Mexico, there are terrible environmental problems that have been hidden in tourist packages, in five-star hotels and in huge shopping centers , which DO NOT reflect the socio-environmental reality of Latin American geography.
For this reason, we will explain the 10 main ecocides visualized in Latin America during 2015, so as NOT to remain silent in the abyss of impunity, and to raise the voice of social protest together with the citizens.
Ranked number ten, We have the largest illegal logging of larch trees in the Los Ríos Region (Chile), where 250 inches of larch wood were seized, already dimensioned, for the manufacture of coffins and funeral articles. The saddest thing is that a historic Chilean larch with more than a thousand years old collapsed, without considering that it is a protected species of tree and declared a Natural Monument since 1976.
Ranked number nine, we found the more than 700 trees felled in Venezuela by an improvised road project, which sought to expand the Francisco Fajardo highway in Caracas. However, the news caused the discomfort of the Caracas community, due to the danger of floods and landslides in times of rain, and the increase in thermal sensation in periods of heat and drought.
Ranked number eight, there are more than 3,000 deforested hectares in the Mamá Tingó municipal district (Dominican Republic), where the legal sowing of cocoa and pepper became the illegal practice of “conuquismo”, causing the massive clearing of virgin areas by the landowners, who while they were burning and felling thousands of leafy trees, damaged the treasure of flora and fauna that lies in the Sierra de Yamasá.
Ranked number seven, we see that the network of loggers and traffickers of the wood obtained from the Bálsamo tree, in the jungles and forests located in the province of Darién (Panama), has generated an aggressive deforestation rate that increased in 2015, within one of the great plant lungs of Central America. The balsam tree colloquially called "green gold" by Panamanians, is highly valued for the manufacture of home furniture (chairs, tables, desks, beds), although this species of tree is already on the verge of extinction.
Ranked number six, we reveal the more than 1,600 hectares of native forest deforested in less than two months, by the Brazilian company Yaguareté Porá within the Chaco Paraguayo region, where native peoples such as the Ayoreo Totobiegosode indigenous people survive, who guard the ancestral natural wealth, of the second largest forested region in South America.
Ranked number five, the spill of a million liters of cyanide is located in the Jáchal de San Juan river (Argentina), where a leak in the Veladero mine caused the poison of the transnational Barrick Gold, to dirty the water of the San Juan mountain rivers, complicating its use for the benefit of the inhabitants and for agricultural activities.
Ranked number four, the 40 tons of dead fish located in the Cajititlán Lagoon (Mexico) are evidenced, as a result of the lack of an infrastructure that manages the wastewater discharges, and that is in charge of cleaning the treatment plants. Hence, the systematic death of fish due to oxygen reduction reflects the high toxicity and unhealthiness of the Aztec water.
Ranked number three, there are more than 200,000 gallons of oil spilled in the department of Putumayo (Colombia), which affected more than 3.5 hectares of wetlands, which undermined the lives of more than 100 families of the Nasa indigenous community, which contaminated several spring water births, and that demonstrated the cowardice of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (Farc).
Ranked number twoThe contamination that occurred in the La Pasión river in Sayaxché (Guatemala) stands out, where the overflow of the oxidation pools of the Reforestación de Palma de Petén company (Repsa), produced the discharge of a strong insecticide called “malathion”, which It was used to protect African palm crops, and it wiped out all the native fauna of the Guatemalan marine ecosystem, accelerating a health emergency in the areas adjacent to the disaster, and ratifying the perverse business of agribusiness and its successful pesticides.
In the number one positionWe highlight the extreme contamination of the Rio Doce by the Samarco company in Brazil, which became one of the greatest ecological crimes in Brazilian history. The failure of two containment dikes in the Bento Rodrigues sub-district of the state of Minas Gerais, allowed the spill of 55 million cubic meters of mud, which wiped out all the existing biological diversity in the Doce River, which painted its viscous brown. legendary Rio de Janeiro waters, and that ended up drowning in the depths of the Atlantic Ocean.
The footprint of the ecocide in the Doce River, left in its wake more than 10 people dead, hundreds of uninhabitable homes and dozens of missing locals, failures in the electrical power supply, inaccessibility to drinking water sources, gastrointestinal diseases in children, and millionaire material losses due to the avalanche of mud and iron waste, which spread in more than 850 kilometers of sweet human clumsiness.
We traveled through the beautiful geography of Latin America, and we suffered the pain of a scar in the Amazon, burning with the reddened salt of planet Earth.
It is impossible to dream of the sustainability of a clearly unsustainable world. We saw that savage capitalism buys the best environmental licenses, buys the silence of corrupt government entities, and buys the unbridled genocidal barbarism that reigns in the 21st century.
You and I know of many more ecocides perpetrated in 2015, but if we remain silent and do not denounce the environmental problems of our communities, we will be being accomplices of national and foreign corporations, which are dedicated to polluting the Latin American territories that we inhabit. daily.
With the power of social networks in our hands, there are NO excuses to evade the ecological commitment in favor of the planet. Let's report crimes on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and WhatsApp. Let us use the technological tools for the well-being of the Environment, forgetting the eternal indifference and awakening a new conscience.
From January to December and from Monday to Sunday, Mother Earth demands respect, love and the will for change in Human Beings, to turn the bitter environmental nightmare of 2015 into a light of positive hope that illuminates the paths of 2016.