By José Carlos García Fajardo
Climate change is not just an environmental issue, as it will destroy crops, endanger coastal populations, destroy ecosystems, spread diseases and increase conflicts to control resources. If skeptics deny climate change they act against scientific evidence that suggests we are approaching a point of no return. Ecosystem and Agencies ask that we specify sustainable, environmental and ecological that have become buzzwords in advertisements and the media. By understanding the most used words, it will be possible to develop practices for a healthy life for the planet and its inhabitants.
Biodiversity: When we refer to the animals and plants that populate a space with common characteristics; if something breaks the balance, the species can disappear, as happened in Lake Victoria with the introduction of the perch, a fish foreign to the biodiversity of the place.
Global warming is characterized by an increase in average temperature that affects the Earth's climate regulation system. By human action, the global temperature rises, the ice melts, the sea level rises with dire consequences for the planet and its inhabitants.
Fossil fuels, those that come from the decomposition over thousands of years, of products of organic origin. When burned, they produce energy but pollute, generate toxic gases and degrade the environment, such as oil, coal, natural gas.
Pollution is applied to those circumstances in which the environment is harmed by man, such as deforestation, when we speak of indiscriminate felling whose effects impact the environment, air quality and animals and plants, which can reach extinction due to loss of its natural environment. One of these damages is the disappearance of breeding and nesting sites for migratory birds.
Sustainable development is capable of meeting our current and future needs, without compromising possibilities or resources for future generations.
Ecological applies both to crops, manufacturing, vehicles, types of energy that are innocuous.
Greenhouse effect is produced by excessive concentration of gases in the atmosphere and produces an increase in global temperatures, such as carbon dioxide (CO2).
Emissions of pollutants, as a consequence of human actions, gases and particles that are expelled into the atmosphere and thin the air, in addition to causing changes in the environment such as NO2 from diesel engines.
Renewable energies, green or clean, are the natural ones, which are neither exhausted nor polluting for the environment, such as wind, solar, hydraulic or biomass.
Protected areas are places, both terrestrial and marine, whose natural values are dedicated to the conservation of nature and where laws apply to protect them.
Habitat, when we refer to the physical and natural place that a species needs for its survival. There are animals and plants that are in danger of extinction due to the disappearance of their natural habitats.
Environmental impact: man, by interacting with the environment, generates very profound changes; It can also be said of the consequences of some natural phenomena, such as earthquakes or volcanic eruptions.
Environment: the human being is part of an environment that surrounds him and that is composed of chemical, social, biological, physical, cultural and economic elements, whose effects on living beings, indirect or direct, occur in the short and long term . At a certain moment, in a specific place, people's circumstances are very different from those of others and influence present and future lives. The interaction between all the elements: water, living beings, soil, air and the relationship between them, constitutes the Environment.
The question is not whether climate change is occurring, but whether we are capable of changing before the damage is irreparable to the atmosphere, oceans, river banks, forests and in the food chain that transports, transforms and transmits undesirable effects and even mortal to vegetal, animal and human species even before birth.