Beyond a passing fad, agro-ecology has to be a production model that not only focuses on fundamental agro-ecological principles, but also assumes as its own other principles that openly combat capitalism in all its forms and colors.
A society wrapped in the banner of the capitalist system cannot develop a generalized agro-ecological model and turn it into something other than projects in local areas, very small, where we participate collectively, of few people, who depend on small consumer groups, to give an outlet to the products that we grow in just small gardens.
Can we live with dignity with crops of these characteristics? I am not talking about whether a family can eat, or only to cover the expenses generated, I am talking about being able to face the payments of quality studies for our sons and daughters, of being able to access basic services, I am talking about facing minimum payments of water, electricity, gas, solving problems that arise every day, accessing essential and vital services, which the capitalist world denies us, if it is not based on having or having a moderately comfortable economy.
I personally believe that with the current model of agroecology, where we act as secret groups or institutions, which among ourselves debate, discuss and develop policies in favor of the environment and a just society, we cannot live with dignity from this model, while this is an island of justice in the sea of inequality and oppression of capitalism.
We have to try to open our "secret societies" and put the entire population with their hands on the earth, so that they feel the freedom and wisdom of our ancestors, who had sustainable agriculture as a way of life. Let us leave the doors of our crops open and put our knowledge in the minds and in the hands of the rest of the population. Introduce the concept of agro-ecology in the institutions, with force and determination, in such a way that they break the closed windows of the administrations. Those windows that close the possibility for the voice of the people and the rural environment to enter, but that do allow the voices and hands of global agribusiness to be inside, which decide the food in Andalusia, and the agricultural policies that are applied here
Let us initiate a serious and well-founded debate within the political, union and social forces. It is necessary to discuss projects and concrete actions between groups, peasants and the administration, but not only to increase the amount of aid and seek the subsidy that makes our cultivation project profitable, close the agreement for training courses, or that the municipalities They give us land for social gardens where we can put our knowledge into practice.
The search for debate in the institution must be aimed at concretizing local projects, to move towards the global, globalize the struggle with projects that do not have to be exclusively innovative, but rather rescue those already from the consequent left, to break with Francoism and with capitalism, sought to implement in the 80s in many Andalusian municipalities, such as school canteens, where with an exhaustive control the purchases of products were carried out from local peasants, avoiding the hoarding of merchandise and the land for the large distributors that today control the profitable market of school canteens, hospitals, etc. and the food market in general.
With the passage of those first years of search for a more just, egalitarian society and sustainable development in line with the environment, many of those political and social groups forgot what their role was in the Andalusian towns and cities and why the people put their trust in them. Over the years in this tied and well-tied democracy, the parties of the 78 regime, eliminated these initiatives, to develop clearly capitalist policies and eliminate the dangerousness of the organization of workers in rural areas, where it was imposed the collective and the social to capital.
This type of experience in the early 1980s developed collective work environments, cooperative models, through the direct purchase of local products from the peasantry. A clear example of food sovereignty was developing, fixing the population to the rural environment, overcoming the misery and social exclusion of day laborers without subsidies. With a transforming spirit that made rural youth embrace the earth. School canteens, hospitals or nursing homes were the flag raised by those who, long before the concept of agro-ecology was developed, practiced it, creating a symbiosis between rural women and consumers, developing short marketing channels, avoiding pollution, regenerating plant matter, encouraging the rotation of organic crops and eliminating chemicals from fertilizer and pest control, developing varieties of indigenous and social crops, where labor was generated, eliminating monocultures that have drawn landscapes of darkness in the present and future of the rural environment.
In short, if we open our secret agro-ecology societies to the rest of the population, we make our knowledge, our love for the environment and our fight against capitalism participate, and we hold together our flag of food sovereignty . We will be able to develop a more just, egalitarian society and in harmony with the environment.
As an 88-year-old farmer from Arriate told me, “Boy! Agroecology is the fine way for ecologists to say what I have done all my life, to fight against injustices, in the way I only knew how to do, sow local seeds, rotate crops and fertilize them with manure, to give of eat my 5 children, without having to go to buy food in those places so big that to know, God, where will those foods come from and who has planted them, because my products are in the store down there , and whoever comes, let me explain how I have planted it, what variety of tomatoes they are, and how I have fertilized it ”.
Agroecology as a method of struggle for the survival of rural areas against capitalism, against large multinationals, against land grabbing and food products, is only possible if we develop the concept as something common in our day to day, it We socialize and open it to 90% of the population, and instead of treating agro-ecology and food sovereignty as something of our property, we transfer it to the public, as something habitual that our elders already carried out, who They built and built in silence, with patience and, perhaps, without knowing it, the Free Andalusia that we need and want.
The author from this article, Alejandro Serrato is from Arriate (Serranía de Ronda). He is a SAT trade unionist and member of the Food Sovereignty Area of the Sindicato de Obreros del Campo, he is also an international delegate for the SOC in the European coordinator of La Via Campesina.Ecoportal.net
By Alejandro Serrato