This is the case in the new publication: Alert !: the danger of REDD, jointly edited by GRAIN and the World Rainforest Movement (WRM).
The text provides examples of what is happening in Brazil, Indonesia, Madagascar, Mozambique, Nigeria, Peru, Kenya, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Peru and Uganda.
It explains why REDD + is not a solution to the climate crisis and why it does not help farmers to reduce emissions, adapt their agricultural practices to the changing climate and increase their yields, as claimed by its promoters.
He argues that most REDD + activities limit the use of forests for shifting cultivation, harvesting and other subsistence activities by local communities.
In addition, and very often, the limitation on hunting, fishing, grazing and cutting of some trees to build houses or canoes is also normally restricted, and the owners of the projects make sure that the restrictions are comply, often with the support of armed guards.
The 52-page text describes the existence of five patterns of operation that make REDD + highly harmful for peasant communities.
They are: 1. REDD + blames peasant agricultural practices for deforestation and emissions; 2. It rarely benefits local communities, but it is good business for companies that sell carbon credits, for international environmental NGOs, for consultants and for industrialized countries; 3. Destroy food sovereignty; 4. It prevents community control over the territories and 5. It facilitates the expansion of agriculture dominated by corporations.
The idea behind REDD + is that industrialized countries "fund" measures that they say will stop the destruction of forests in tropical countries and, in return, countries that put up the money will be able to get "credit" for emissions that are supposedly not. they happened, “thanks” to a REDD + project.
The authors argue that for such a mechanism to work, very elaborate - but unverifiable - calculations must be made to determine how much carbon is stored in a forest.
Once the resulting figures have been transformed into equivalent units of carbon dioxide - the currency of the carbon market - they can be priced and traded on the market as “carbon credits”.
Countries and companies that buy them can count them as part of meeting their emission reduction targets that they are expected to commit to at the Paris summit.
REDD + at COP 21
The twenty-first United Nations summit on climate change in Paris (COP 21) will address as a priority proposals to provide a way out for countries that do not want to reduce their consumption of fossil fuels enough.
REDD + promoters hope that their proposals will be part of the final agreement at COP 21.
False climate solution
The new publication concludes that REDD + is not a solution to the climate crisis and does not help farmers to reduce emissions, adapt their agricultural practices to the changing climate and increase their yields, as claimed by its promoters.
The reality is that REDD + programs blame deforestation and emissions on peasant farming methods that have nothing to do with the climate crisis. Furthermore, they weaken local food systems by impeding traditional agricultural practices and restricting access to land and forests.
What is paradoxical is that the major drivers of deforestation, such as industrial logging, mega infrastructure projects, mining, large dams and, above all, large industrial tree, oil palm and soy plantations, industrial animal farms, they go ahead without restriction.
Not only is it a false solution to the urgent and serious problem of the climate crisis, it also strengthens the corporate-dominated industrial agri-food system that is largely to blame for climate change.
Peasants are already proving that it is possible to "feed the world" without the immense amount of emissions produced by the industrial and export system of agricultural production.
Returning land to peasants and indigenous peoples is the most effective way to meet the challenges of feeding a growing world population in an era of unpredictable climate change, GRAIN and WRM conclude.
Access the publication through the following link:
Alert !: the danger of REDD (PDF, 52 pages, Spanish)