According to a study carried out by members of the Pediatric Clinic chair of the National University of Córdoba and the University Network of Environment and Health / Doctors of Fumigated Towns, the children of Monte Maíz present a greatly increased prevalence of asthma with respect to global rates of the disease, as well as average indicators of the province.
The work shows that of children aged 6 to 7 years, 52.43 percent have asthma, while the 2014 Global Asthma Report rates for Argentina register a rate of 10 to 20 percent in that age group.
In addition, in children aged 13 and 14 the prevalence of the disease found in Monte Maíz amounts to 39.86 percent, while the indicator for the country of the Global Asthma Report remains at 10 to 20 percent for that age group.
"The work is called 'Prevalence of Bronchial Asthma in an Agricultural Town of Córdoba", it is a component of the Socio-environmental Health Analysis carried out in Monte Maíz in October 2014, and will be presented this Friday at the 37th Argentine Congress of Pediatrics , after being evaluated and approved by the scientific committee of Conarpe 2015 ", stated the doctor Medardo Ávila Vázquez, one of its authors.
Avila Vázquez specified that the increase in prevalence in the agricultural locality is also observed if it is compared with studies corresponding to the city of Córdoba, "where the Isaac Phase III study of 2013 found a rate of 13.6 percent in children 13 and 14 years old. "
The doctor explained that these cut-off groups are taken internationally (6 and 7 years, and 13 and 14), because many children present bronchospasm in their early childhood but exceed them between 4 and 6 years, and that also from puberty there is another reduction in prevalence.
Avila Vázquez also indicated that "the use of bronchodilators and the presence of wheezing in the last year were considered positive for the diagnosis of asthma."
The conclusions highlight "the prevalence of asthma greatly increased with respect to the global and Cordoba rates", as well as the observation of "significant environmental contamination with agrochemicals." "Based on studies linking pesticides and asthma, we infer that there is a consistent association suggesting that they may contribute to an increase in asthma cases."
The study is observational, cross-sectional, with geographic survey and georeferencing of pollutants carried out by geographers from the UNC, complemented with monitoring of pollutants in samples in environmental matrices carried out by chemists from the National University of La Plata, and a structured population survey carried out by doctors and medical students.
The work, also, is part of the study that found increased rates of cancer and other diseases in Monte Maíz, and that aroused strong controversy in the UNC and sectors associated with agricultural production.