Did you know that a mercury battery can contaminate 600 thousand liters of water, an alkaline one contaminates 167 thousand liters of water, while a silver oxide one, 14 thousand liters.?
To pollute the 6.5 million liters of water, corresponding to a diving pool, only 40 alkaline ones would be needed.
Some facts about battery compounds
The Mercury it is a possible carcinogen and is bioaccumulative. High exposure can damage the brain, kidneys, and fetus, and most likely lead to mental retardation, impaired gait or speech, poor coordination, blindness, and seizures. Mercury released from landfills contaminates water and land, which can end up in food by accumulating in fish tissues.
The Lead it can damage the nervous system, kidneys, and reproductive system. Since it does not degrade, when released into the air it can be transported long distances before settling. It sticks to particles in the ground and can pass into groundwater.
Lithium it is neurotoxic and is toxic to the kidney. Lithium intoxication causes respiratory failure, myocardial depression, pulmonary edema, and profound stupor. It damages the nervous system, leading to a coma and even death. Lithium can easily be leached into aquifers.
Cadmium It is a carcinogenic substance that, if breathed in high concentrations, causes serious damage to the lungs; ingesting it causes damage to the kidneys. High doses can cause death. Eating food or drinking water with cadmium irritates the stomach and induces vomiting and diarrhea. Cadmium enters the air and water from landfills or through household waste spills, and can travel long distances.
Nickel has effects on the skin. Breathing high amounts causes chronic bronchitis, and lung and sinus cancer. It is released into the atmosphere by the incineration of garbage. In the air, it sticks to dust particles that settle on the ground.
What can be done?
Change your habits, consume in an environmentally responsible way:
- Demand adequate storage for your batteries and batteries when you are no longer using them.
- Do not allow the incineration of cells and batteries. Battery collection campaigns in shops or other sites do not always solve the problem, find out what will be the destination of the collected batteries.
- Opt for rechargeable batteries, as they can replace 300 disposables.
- Avoid using batteries whenever possible.
- Use and promote products that run on cord, solar energy, and electric power.
- Choose the products that can be connected to the electrical network; In addition to not polluting, it is more efficient from an energy point of view.
- Half of the batteries used are for leisure activities (music, games, cameras); decrease this consumption.
- Do not buy pirated batteries: it is illegal, they last less and are more toxic.
- Do not throw batteries in the garbage, in the field, on the street. Prevent them from reaching rivers or pipes and never burn them, as the toxic metals released will go into the atmosphere.
- Do not bury piles as they contaminate the earth, subsoil, and water once their metal casing rusts.