Nuclear energy back under review

Nuclear energy back under review

By Ana Sáez Ramirez

Around the world, atomic reactors produce 8,300 tons of radioactive material annually, of which a part is highly radioactive material, and the rest is low radioactive material.

To date, 290,000 tons of highly radioactive radioactive waste and a much higher number of lower radioactive waste have been produced. A huge figure whose damaging potential we cannot even imagine.

The half-life (T½) is the amount of time required for the radioactive material to decrease by half, that is, the total radioactivity after this half-life is reduced by half. For example, there are currently about 1000 tons of plutonium, one of the most poisonous substances that exist.

Plutonium has a measured life of 24,000 years, a huge period of time.

Therefore the 1000 tons of plutonium would decompose after that period of time, although after 100,000 years they would still contain 6 Kg. It seems a ridiculous amount, however with 6 kilos of plutonium 1200 bombs could be built or cause lung cancer in 6,000 millions of people. It is therefore a highly poisonous material that humans can barely master.

Therefore based on these few data provided, how can it be said that nuclear energy is the cleanest energy? Argument that politicians currently use to continue with this activity, despite the risks involved.

Naturally, it must be recognized that nuclear plants as such produce a type of clean energy, but only as long as the radioactive substances contained in the nuclear reactor are kept inside it, and as long as the garbage it generates does not have to be deposited anywhere. a type of cemetery that does not guarantee, in the long run, complete assurance that it will not escape into the environment.


Video: Molten Salt Reactors and Thermal Desalination to Transform Jordan - William B. DeOreo @ TEAC8 (May 2021).