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The meeting took place within the framework of the celebrations for the 40 years of the Pastoral Land Commission (CPT), an organization awarded the "Alternative Nobel Prize" and which keeps records of violence in the countryside of Brazil. Between 2002 and 2014, 477 murders of environmental and social leaders were recorded in Brazil, reports Global Witness.
According to the international organization, with the exception of 2011 - in which Honduras registers the highest number of violent deaths of activists with 36 cases - Brazil remains at the top of the ranking since 2002. Local data provided by the Pastoral Commission of Land report that there were 36 murders during 2014 and that in the last 10 years (2005-2014), conflicts over land left a balance of 328 murders.
In this context, peasant organizations from all over the country participated last week in the fourth national congress of the Pastoral Land Commission (CPT), at the Federal University of Rondônia (UNIR), in Porto Velho (RO).
They debated urgent actions to confront the violence against rural workers, caused by the growing concentration of land in few owners and agribusiness, two characteristics of the Brazilian territorial reality.
The meeting was part of the 40 years of the CPT, an organization that in 1991 was awarded the Right Livelihood Award, also known as the “Alternative Nobel Prize”, for its sustained campaign in favor of social justice and respect for human rights. of small producers and the landless in Brazil.
At the same time, the 30 years of the Conflict in the Countryside Report are being celebrated, which annually documents, counts and systematizes the cases of deaths, threats, evictions and other violence committed against rural sectors in Brazil. In the last 30 years, the CPT registered 29,609 cases of conflicts that involved 20,623,043 people.
For the same period, 1985 to 2014, it counted 1,723 homicides. Of the 1307 cases of conflicts in which there were murders, only 108 were tried, 86 perpetrators and only 28 masterminds were convicted.
Given the figures that position Brazil as the country with the highest number of murders of environmental and social leaders in the world, in 2013 a solidarity mission composed of recipients of the Right Livelihood Award arrived in Marabá (in the state of Pará) where he demanded the Brazilian government end impunity.
Angie Zelter, Raúl Montenegro, from FUNAM, and Marianne Andersson denounced the passivity of government agencies and the criminal action of livestock, agricultural, mining and logging companies.
Due to repeated death threats against Right Livelihood Award laureates in different parts of the world, the Foundation that awards the awards created and supports a protection program that operates from its headquarters in Stockholm, Sweden.
In Brazil, numerous members of the CPT, the Landless Rural Workers Movement (MST) and Bishop Erwin Kräutler - all awarded the “Alternative Nobel” - have received repeated death threats.