As part of this process, it is necessary to hold meetings with environmental authorities of the 25 countries that have influence over the territory that covers more than 2,763,000 square kilometers.
The importance of decreeing this area as protected is due to the fact that it concentrates more than 13 thousand species of plants, which also serve as food and shelter for more than 400 species of fish that are distributed throughout the region.
Currently at least 6% of the marine territory in Mexico is protected, which represents approximately 1.8 million coastal marine hectares, however, the National Commission of Protected Natural Areas (Conanp) examines the possibility that this index rises to 10%, according to Ricardo Gomez Lozano, director of the unit in the Yucatan Peninsula and the Mexican Caribbean.
In this delimitation 9% of the existing reefs on the planet are located, since they are about 20 miles, within which the Mesoamerican Reef System (SAM) and the Belize Barrier Reef.
Conanp reported that there are also seven areas in process and they are the Zacatecan desert located in Zacatecas; Mount Mojino, in Sinaloa; the Sierras la Giganta and Guadalupe, in Baja California Sur; the Pacific Islands; Tortuguera Beach, in Colima; the National Marshes, in Nayarit, and the Sierra de Tamaulipas.
All these points already have advanced processes, as they have been inspected by the competent authorities to be decreed promptly.
Through the Official Journal of the Federation (DOF), the Ministry of the Environment and Natural Resources (Semarnat) announced in 2014 each of the technical studies to justify the issuance of the decree that intends to declare the sites as ANP.