Did you know that our home can be a source of polluting elements? Reparalia, a company specialized in home care, comprehensive claims and repair management, has drawn up a list of the main household appliances and the construction, repair and decoration materials that generate the most pollution in the environment, and offers some alternative methods to reduce them .
1. INSULATION MATERIALS
This type of material can release various toxic substances and has a strong environmental impact in its manufacture.
Thermal insulation made of recycled and non-polluting materials is already beginning to be used, for example those made of paper chips, wood chips, straw or pieces of cloth. If you work with these materials, avoid the use of polyurethane foam compounds, glass wool or polystyrene as they are the most polluting. If you hire a professional, make sure you do not use this material and you will reduce the pollution of your home.
2. PAINTS, VARNISHES AND GLUES
Paints, solvents, and adhesives contain toxic chemicals, although many low-volatile products are already on the market. Look for those that do not contain lead or that have the European Eco-label or the AENOR seal. If you are thinking of using varnish, keep in mind that there are natural non-toxic alternatives as well as treatments with linseed oil, borax or beeswax, without solvents. Water-based glues are always more natural.
3. LEAD PIPES AND INCANDESCENT BULBS
If you have an old house, the pipes may be made of lead or galvanized iron, which is highly polluting. If this is the case, have a professional do a study of the home to assess the possibility of installing plastic or copper pipes. In addition, if you have not yet eliminated all the incandescent bulbs that you have at home, now is the time, since they contain mercury, which is harmful to health.
4. ELECTROMAGNETIC CONTAMINATION
Our house is abuzz with electromagnetic fields derived from the use of new technologies such as mobile phones, routers, WiFi or bluetooth. And although we tend to minimize their importance, they have direct consequences on health.
We can reduce the impact inside the home with the right materials.
Try to get a meter of the level of electrical pollution emitted inside your home and choose power strips, extension cords and wiring that is shielded against electromagnetic fields.
There are even shielded lamps. Likewise, consider the possibility of installing a disconnection relay that interrupts the passage of current when the devices are turned off and using an eWall cover for the mobile phone.
To do this, request the help of a professional.
When winter arrives and it is time to turn on the heating, the use of the most polluting appliances such as paraffin stoves, gas and wood should be avoided.
These devices are based on combustion and produce gases and particles that pollute the environment. If there is no alternative, good maintenance and cleaning of the appliance will help reduce contamination.
6. CARPETS, UPHOLSTERY AND OTHER SYNTHETIC FIBERS
The same goes for carpets, they are a source of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and chemicals that emit polluting fumes.
To avoid them, try to use natural materials in carpets, rugs and upholstery, such as wool, sisal and cotton. Clean them with a mild natural soap or baking soda and water.