And for the 2015 edition, the theme designated by the United Nations (UN) is Biodiversity for sustainable development, a key aspect of the immediate future.
According to the UN statement, the fate of humanity depends on biological diversity, the richness and variety of living beings on the planet. So it is essential for sustainable development and human well-being, and key to poverty reduction.
Furthermore, in the world, more than 3 billion people depend on marine and coastal biodiversity for their livelihoods and another 1.6 billion depend on forests. Biodiversity comprises a wide variety of existing plants, animals and microorganisms. As well as, the genetic differences of each species.
However, the loss of biodiversity in the world is alarming, the pressure on resources is increasingly unsustainable. These threats affect the variety and abundance of species, which have been reduced by 40% between 1970 and 2000, according to reports from some international bodies.
Nature becomes the greatest provider of food, raw material and medicine for humanity. We depend heavily on environmental goods and services, component interactions, and the role of biodiversity.
According to information from the National Council of Protected Areas (Conap), the country has 7 biomes, 5 lakes, 66 ecosystems, 360 microclimates, 2,389 species of fauna and 10,317 species of flora. All this biodiversity has earned it recognition as a megadiverse.