Being trapped in lengthy traffic jams that make you lose your cool is perhaps the most visible problem experienced in cities where transportation has focused on cars. But behind this there are many more negative effects: there are cities where people suffer from health problems due to polluting emissions from vehicles and noise. In addition to wasting time and economic losses, these transportation systems rely on fossil fuels, consume too much energy, and contribute significantly to greenhouse gas emissions.
Thinking about the approach of "moving people, not cars!" The Sustainable Urban Transport Project (SUTP), which supports the German technical cooperation agency GIZ, compiled best practices for sustainable urban transport that can help cities. We tell you what are the 10 principles proposed by this project (See more information by doing click here )
1. Planning dense cities on a human scale
The SUTP suggests supporting projects that create affordable housing in city centers, integrating transportation with urban development, prioritizing modes that are human-scale, creating blocks with mixed land uses (where there is commerce and housing, for example), create urban squares and calm traffic (reduce speeds in residential sectors for example).
2. Create cities oriented to public transport
According to the SUTP, this can be achieved by building homes without car spaces, locating commercial areas and offices in major public transport stations, creating high-density residential blocks (with enough residents) around public transport stations, and providing parking for bike on these.
3. Optimize the road mesh and its use
The project indicates that it is important to provide traffic information (punctuality, congestion, parking lots), enforce traffic rules, reduce the maximum speed to 30 km / h or less in residential areas, guarantee the capture of value around public transport, improve urban connectivity and improve critical intersections for pedestrians, cyclists, and public transportation, among other recommendations.
4. Implement improvements in public transportationor
The SUTP emphasizes that a high quality public transport service must be guaranteed based on performance indicators. In addition, this must be complemented with a fair and simple system for the sale of tickets, establishing public transport associations in order to integrate schedules, fares and tickets. Cities should also have easy taxi services, high-performance public transport networks using BRT (rapid transit bus lines such as those of Transmilenio) and rail transport, comfortable transshipment facilities and facilitate the integration of shared cars (carsharing) to public transport systems.
5. Promote clean vehicles
The project says some steps in this direction are scrap and retrofit programs, encourage rebates for efficient vehicles, and promote inspection and clean fuels.
6. Encourage walking and cycling
To comply with this principle, the SUTP highlights actions such as creating a complete network of bicycle lanes, eliminating pedestrian obstacles, making highways for bicycles, limiting the expansion of road space for cars, implementing public bicycle systems, defining (traffic light) bays for bicycles, improving safety for pedestrians and bicyclists at intersections and have high-quality comprehensive road design standards for sidewalks, bike lanes and streets.
7. Control the use of motorized vehicles
This can be achieved with incentives to travel by bicycle or public transport, phasing out vehicles as a work benefit, and encouraging teleworking and flexible hours.
8. Manage parking
Defining urban logistics and distribution centers, establishing parking rates, controlling and ensuring compliance with parking rates and determining parking regulations (for example, with maximum parking limits in buildings), are some keys to advance with this mobility principle sustainable.
9. Communicate solutions
According to the SUTP, some strategies are to create prizes for bicicl.eta-friendly companies, marketing campaigns for biking, promote carpool programs and provide access to data for developers of smart mobile applications.
10. Address challenges comprehensively
For the SUTP, it is vital that institutions in charge of sustainable urban transport be created, for example, with an integrated transport and urban planning authority and make public transport alliances. In addition, this can be accompanied by tasks such as quantifying emissions, developing, implementing and communicating comprehensive sustainable urban mobility plans, monitoring the performance of the measures taken, and creating a process of key stakeholders to evaluate and discuss the measures.