By Cherry Bomb
Preventing the presence of pathogens on the surface of fruits is essential to avoid future diseases and ensure adequate nutrition in people. Because, in general, these foods are grown in open environments, they are prone to quickly becoming contaminated and when consumed completely raw they can be the cause of various infections and poisonings in the body.
It is important to bear in mind that fruits can be contaminated in the sowing and harvesting process, and when being transported from one place to another. Bulk transport is one of the main causes of the increase in the number of microorganisms in these foods.
So that the daily consumption of fruit does not become a risk factor for health, we explain what are the main causes of diseases that can be contracted through these foods and how to prevent them.
Escherichia Coli is undoubtedly the most recognized bacteria. This microorganism has been the cause of multiple outbreaks of infections around the world. It is normally found in the intestine of humans and some animals, and can be transmitted to fruits if the latter harbor this germ in their feces. In addition, this material is used to produce agricultural fertilizers.
- Fungicides and pesticides:
These products are generally used to protect crops from insects and diseases. However, they have a negative effect on people's health, since they cause severe intoxications in the body, which generate symptoms such as abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea and anxiety. In addition, these products have been associated with diseases such as leukemia and lymphoma, which without proper treatment can be fatal.
Giardia or Cryptosporidium are parasites that can be found in manure-based fertilizers; If these are used in fruit crops, there is a high risk that they will be transmitted to humans, this being a risk factor for people's health, since chronic infections that cause dehydration can occur.
Steps to properly handle fruits before consuming them
To start wash your hands: Do not forget that if you do not maintain proper hygiene, you can be the transmitting agent of diseases such as bacterial gastroenteritis. When cleaning your hands, remember to use a disinfectant soap and not skip the nails, since they are a little more difficult to disinfect, they can accumulate a large amount of germs and bacteria.
Make sure you wash your food well: It is important that you bear in mind that before splitting or peeling the fruits you must wash them, in this way you will eliminate not only the dirt residues, but also possible bacteria and parasites that are found on the surfaces of these and you will prevent them from moving inside these foods. For a complete wash you can use a container full of water and leave them there for at least two minutes. In addition, the use of a brush or sponge and a little soap will be useful for foods with a hard crust.
Disinfect: Once you have washed the fruits, you can add a tablespoon of baking soda to a liter of water and leave them there for 10 minutes. If you don't have this product at home, you can use lemon and vinegar and repeat this same process.
Peel: If you prefer, you can remove the rind of the fruits, this will avoid ingesting chemicals that may have remained on the surface.