GENEVA, March 11, 2015: The report coincides with the holding of the Third United Nations World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (WCDRR) in Sendai, Japan, where governments will adopt a global plan to reduce the disaster risk and will be based on the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015.
The risk of disaster-related displacement is great and growing. According to the IDMC report, the main drivers for them include: population growth in disaster-prone areas, rapid and unplanned urbanization, uneven distribution of wealth, poor governance and failure of states. . Due to the combination of these factors, more people are at risk of being displaced and people are twice as likely to be displaced than in the past.
Climate change is also expected to play a role in the coming decades, as rising sea levels and storm surges, as well as extreme rainfall, pose new threats and exacerbate existing ones.
"Climate change will affect displacement in two ways," says IDMC director Alfredo Zamudio. “First, meteorological phenomena are expected to occur faster and harsher, and will have detrimental effects on those who live in their paths.
Second, climate change can increase the vulnerability of communities, reducing people's ability to cope with disasters and remain entrenched in disasters. IDMC estimates that the majority of displacement in the next ten years will take place in large countries such as China and the Philippines, which have large exposed populations.
When the size of a country's population is taken into account, Haiti, Cuba and Antigua and Barbuda are also at high risk of displacement. The report indicates that most of the measures taken to reduce disaster risk, such as the adoption and implementation of more rigorous land use plans and building codes, as well as the diversification and strengthening of the means of lives of the poor in rural and urban areas will also reduce the risk of displacement.
Despite this, the Hyogo Framework for Action makes no reference to displacement caused by disasters; neither in terms of risk mitigation nor an appropriate response.
“In Sendai, the world has a unique opportunity to prevent millions of people from losing their homes by forging closer links between displacement risk and disaster reduction plans, as we enter the post-2015 phase of the Framework for Action from Hyogo, ”says Zamudio.
The IDMC analysis calls for the adoption of an international policy agreement at the United Nations World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction, which is critical to addressing the risk of displacement.
“A disaster is not the number of people killed or the magnitude of the economic loss, the disruption of livelihoods or the scale of displacement. A disaster is all of it taken together, ”says Zamudio.
To download the full report, summary, maps and graphs, click here: http://media.ne.cision.com/l/fopodmpp/www.internal-displacement.org/about-us/idmc-media -centre
About IDMC The Internal Displacement Observatory (IDMC) is a world leader in monitoring and analyzing the causes and effects of internal displacement and responses to it.
Through monitoring and analysis of internal displacement generated by conflict, widespread violence, human rights violations, and natural and man-made disasters, IDMC raises awareness and defends respect for the rights of populations at risk and uprooted.
IDMC is part of the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC).