Mexico on the day of the revolution

Mexico on the day of the revolution

By Oscar Ugarteche

What can be seen is that the governing party has taken action and the National University has not spoken or stopped on the 20th, while 114 other universities in the country did. The UNAM union did not stop this day responding to party needs, and the rector has not expressed, in the appropriate tone, a call for justice or a halt to barbarism. Rather, it apparently authorized the entry of an armed police officer onto the university campus on Saturday, November 15, resulting in a student injured in a murky conflict.

The evidence begins to emerge and indicates that there were soldiers involved in the killings of the normalistas and also that the forces that appear at the end of the acts, dressed in jeans, black T-shirts and covered faces, are from a paramilitary or military force. . It will be remembered that the Los Halcones force was the one that operated in the 1968 Tlatelolco massacre where they killed 1,500 students. This is what the journalist Carmen Aristegui suggests with the video where one of the hooded men of the night who broke in with violence, at the end of the rally, appears earlier, sitting in an army truck.

If you look at the videos of the teachers' strike of 2012 and the way it ended, it is very similar to the end of the rally on the 20th. In both, what happened was the eviction of the capital's Zócalo as if it were occupied private property. In the teachers' strike, they had taken over the square and were camping there while waiting for the solution to their demands. The president said that it was time to end that, because the national day that is celebrated in the National Palace was approaching when he goes out to the balcony to give the cry of independence. The result was that the police, on the one hand, and a group of boys dressed in jeans and black T-shirts, and with their heads covered, climbed on some tractors, entered the capital's Zócalo. Some pushed the teachers out of the plaza while the others dismantled what was left of the camp with the use of tractors.

At the end of the peaceful rally on the 20th, there was a group of boys, some of whom were portrayed in military trucks earlier by Aristegui's team, who raised the slogan "No press", which is an anti-political slogan, and therefore not makes sense. Those with the slogan "press no" proceed to launch Molotov cocktails against the National Palace and some rockets that do not harm but scare, in the context of a rally, while the assault police advance and push the students and their families out of the Zócalo, in an action that seems coordinated. With little violence, this small group of hooded men ended up helping the shock police to finish the rally before 10 at night, in a society that is just fed up with violence. In Mexico, an opinion written in the newspaper La Jornada in 2009 stated: “Always behind the massacre of the population, behind the death of Colosio and others, now it is behind the drug traffickers and the violence that precedes it, who? plus?" (

Although the demand to "let everyone go!" has diminished at the rally on November 20, society as a whole and the political and intellectual class, in particular, have taken note of the irregularity of the purchase of a house for 6 million dollars from a construction company that won the tender for the construction of a fast train to Querétaro, a bid that was canceled at the last minute, days before President Peña Nieto's trip to China. These events are also affecting the country risk and the exchange rate. The problem of the lack of law due to the dead students and the lack of reaction of the State to explain what happened is perceived where the president has expressed solidarity with the families and the Secretary of the federal Government has created a mixed commission on November 3 to repair the damages. It is unclear why the State had to repair damages if it did not cause them. Nor is it clear why no one from the government comes out to explain what happened given that they have the mayor in charge arrested. It is already known that the army was present, so that only the explanations of what happened are missing. Meanwhile, more graves appear, as the poet Javier Sicilia had already uncovered following the murder of his son and three friends in Cuernavaca two years ago.

The government seems to be playing with the Christmas factor and the university holidays to dilute this movement that seems out of control. The political analyst Silva Herzog, on the evening of the 20th, in the journalist Aristegui's program, said that he had the impression that the president was not aware of the magnitude of the political crisis that the country is experiencing, that people are saying “now it was good".

- Oscar Ugarteche, Peruvian economist, is Coordinator of the Economic Observatory of Latin America (OBELA), Institute of Economic Research of UNAM, Mexico - Member of the SNI / Conacyt and president of ALAI


Video: Latin American Revolutions: Crash Course World History #31 (July 2021).