By Esther Vivas
If we look closely at the agri-food model we see how it is determined, without a doubt, by the interests of capital, or what is the same, the interests of large companies in the sector (agribusiness and supermarkets), which seek to do business with something as essential as food.
The capitalist system, in its race to transform necessities into commodities and rights into privileges, has turned food, and even more quality food, into an object of luxury. In the same way that it has made housing a good only accessible to those who can afford it, and our health and education run the same fate. Although not only the logic of capital hits the food model, the invisible hand of patriarchy also moves the strings of this system.
If not, how do you explain that those who produce the most food, women, are the ones who go hungry the most?
Let's not forget that between 60% and 80% of food production in Southern countries, according to FAO data, is in the hands of women, however, paradoxically, they are the ones who suffer 60% of hunger global chronicle. The woman works the land, but does not have access to land ownership, to the means of production, to agricultural credit. Here is the question.
It is not about ideologizing the speeches, but making it clear to all those who consider that this "eating well" is just a thing, as they would say in French, of "fools", of "bourgeois bohème", that nothing is further from the reality.
If we answer the initial questions, the data confirm this statement.
Do rich and poor eat the same? No. Does our income determine our pantry? Effectively. A study by the Platform for People Affected by Mortgage puts white on black: 45% of those affected by evictions have difficulties buying the food they need to eat. Economic income puts limits on what we buy: the consumption of beef and fish decreases and, in relation to the period before the crisis, the consumption of fresh fruit and vegetables.
On the contrary, the acquisition of less nutritious, highly processed and calorie-rich products increases, such as packaged sweets: cookies, chocolates and substitutes, pastries and pastries. Our social class, education and purchasing power determine what we eat. So, today, who are the fat people? In general, those who have the least and eat the worst.
Looking at the map of the peninsula it is clear: the autonomous communities with the highest rates of poverty, such as Andalusia, the Canary Islands, Castilla-La Mancha and Extremadura, have the highest figures for the overweight population.
In the United States, those who suffer the greatest obesity problems are the African American and Latino communities.
The crisis only accentuates the difference between food for the rich and food for the poor.
Questioning the dominant agri-food model and betting on another one that is antagonistic to it, which places the needs of the people and respect for the land at the center, is to give in the heart of the class struggle. The day laborers of the Sindicato de Obreros del Campo (SOC) in Andalusia, with Diego Cañamero and Juan Manuel Sánchez Gordillo at the head, hardly qualify as “petty bourgeois”, they have it clear.
His work in defense of a living rural world, of the land for those who work it, in favor of ecological agriculture, for another model of consumption is a "combat" in defense of "the nobody", the oppressed. Betting on local, healthy and peasant food and agriculture, make no doubt, is one of the most subversive.